ASTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level: Quizzes

Quiz No. 5

Syllabus 2018

ASTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level: Quiz No. 5

QUESTIONS

Q-1. Which of the following is an example of a “defect?” Select all that apply.

a. The “Cancel” button is not made available during the performance of a task.

b. An application deletes a file in response to the click of a “Save” button.

c. The wrong algorithm is used.

d. A word is misspelled in a help file.

e. The identical piece of code is used multiple times in one program.


Q-2. _____________________ is a psychological factor that affects the success of a testing effort. Select all that apply.

a. Shared responsibilities.

b. Clear communication.

c. Foregoing work product evaluation until review.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-3. Which of the following is an example of a test Implementation phase activity during a test effort? Select all that apply.

a. Verify bi-directional testability.

b. Create test procedures.

c. Write test plan.

d. Design test cases.

e. Establish traceability between test basis and test cases.


Q-4. Which of the following is an aspect of software quality? Select all that apply.

a. A software product adheres to its design specifications.

b. A software product meets the developer’s expectations.

c. A software product is suited to its intended use.

d. All of the above

e. None of the above


Q-5. Which of the following is an example of a test analysis phase activity of a test effort? Select all that apply.

a. Specify test environment requirements.

b. Create test schedule.

c. Review test basis to identify test conditions.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-6. A list of questions regarding a system’s attributes is a____________________.

a. Decision tree.

b. Checklist.

c. Decision table.

d. Checkpoint review.

e. All of the above.

f. None of the above.


Q-7. The formal assessment of a work product, which is conducted by one or more independent assessors, is referred to as_____________.

a. An inspection.

b. A walkthrough.

c. A review.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-8. True/False: Verification answers the question “Are we building the product right?”

a. True

b. False

Q-9. What is the cyclomatic complexity equation?

a. L-N +2P

b. N-L +2P

c. N-L +P

d. N-L +P

e. All of the above.

f. None of the above.


Q-10. Which of the following statements are true regarding static analysis techniques?

a. Static analysis evaluates design documents, test plans and user manuals to detect defects.

b. Static analysis evaluates source code to identify system failures.

c. Static analysis can be performed before an executable program is available.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-11. "An automated tool to support the strategy may not exist" is a characteristic of ____________________. Select all that apply.

a. The consultative test approach.

b. The regression-averse test approach.

c. The process-compliant test approach.


Q-12. Identify a characteristic of process-compliant test approach. Select all that apply.

a. The test cases to be executed are determined by an industry standard.

b. The strategy results in inadequate documentation.

c. The successful implementation of the strategy requires team member familiarity with the strategy.


Q-13. Identify a characteristic of the heuristic test strategy. Select all that apply.

a. Team members learn about a software product’s behavior by running tests.

b. Tests are planned and prioritized according to a risk assessment.

c. Test case design is determined by an analysis of a requirements specification.


Q-14. The probability and impact of project risk factors, such as cost overruns, is most likely to serve as input to __________. Select all that apply.

a. Test monitoring metrics.

b. Test execution metrics.

c. Test reporting metrics.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-15. Identify an entry criterion for integration testing. Select all that apply.

a. Critical bugs have been identified and fixed.

b. Components are subject to form configuration management control.

c. Unit testing is complete.


Q-16. Demonstrating a tool’s feasibility and gathering information about a tool’s settings are goals of which of the following?

a. Goals of a pilot project as a proof of concept.

b. Goals of a cost benefit analysis.

c. Goals of a configuration management process.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-17. What event leads to the experimentation with a tool’s configuration options and its reporting capabilities?

a. Risk assessment.

b. Pilot project.

c. Static testing.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-18. You are responsible for evaluating benefits of using a test tool. What parameters or characteristics will you consider in the process?

a. Required organizational process changes.

b. Required documentation changes.

c. File naming conventions.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-19. What steps are required to successfully provide tool support?

a. Revise testing processes to accommodate Introducing the tool in SDLC processes in an incremental manner.

b. Collect data regarding a tool’s use.

c. Document the test process requirements to maximize the benefit of the tool’s deployment

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-20. Which of the following statements relate to the implementation, deployment and support of test tools?

a The process must be supported by an organization’s executives.

b. A tool should be introduced to SDLC processes in a “big bang” manner.

c. Tool use must be monitored to improve testing processes.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

Q-1. Which of the following is an example of a “defect?” Select all that apply.

a. The “Cancel” button is not made available during the performance of a task.

b. An application deletes a file in response to the click of a “Save” button.

c. The wrong algorithm is used.

d. A word is misspelled in a help file.

e. The identical piece of code is used multiple times in one program.

A-1: c. The wrong algorithm is used. and e. The identical piece of code is used multiple times in one program. (FL 1.2.3) (LO1.1.5) (LO 1 Q-21)

Q-2. _____________________ is a psychological factor that affects the success of a testing effort. Select all that apply.

a. Shared responsibilities.

b. Clear communication.

c. Foregoing work product evaluation until review.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-2: a. Shared responsibilities. and b. Clear communication. (FL 1.5.1) (LO 1.5.1) (L O1 Q-22)

Q-3. Which of the following is an example of a test Implementation phase activity during a test effort? Select all that apply.

a. Verify bi-directional testability.

b. Create test procedures.

c. Write test plan.

d. Design test cases.

e. Establish traceability between test basis and test cases.

A-3: a. Verify bi-directional testability. and b. Create test procedures. (FL 1.4.2) (LO 1.4.1) (LO 1 Q-23)

Q-4. Which of the following is an aspect of software quality? Select all that apply.

a. A software product adheres to its design specifications.

b. A software product meets the developer’s expectations.

c. A software product is suited to its intended use.

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

A-4: c. A software product is suited to its intended use. (FL 1.2.2) (LO 1.1.4) (LO 1 Q-24)

Q-5. Which of the following is an example of a test analysis phase activity of a test effort? Select all that apply.

a. Specify test environment requirements.

b. Create test schedule.

c. Review test basis to identify test conditions.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-5: c. Review test basis to identify test conditions. (FL 1.4.2) (LO1.1.5) (LO 1 Q-25)


Q-6. A list of questions regarding a system’s attributes is a____________________.

a. Decision tree.

b. Checklist.

c. Decision table.

d. Checkpoint review.

e. All of the above.

f. None of the above.

A-6: a. Checklist (FL 3.2.1) (LO 3.2.1) (LO 3 Q-21)


Q-7. The formal assessment of a work product, which is conducted by one or more independent assessors, is referred to as_____________.

a. An inspection.

b. A walkthrough.

c. A review.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-7: a. An inspection. (FL 3.2.3) (LO 3.2.1) (LO 3 Q-22)

Q-8. True/False: Verification answers the question “Are we building the product right?”

a. True

b. False

A-8: a. True. (FL 3.2.3) (LO 3.1.1) (FL 3 Q-23)


Q-9. What is the cyclomatic complexity equation?

a. L-N +2P (F)

b. N-L +2P(T)

c. N-L +P (F)

d. N-L +P (F)

e. All of the above.

f. None of the above.

A-9: b. L-N+2P (FL 3.1.2) (LO 3.1.2) (LO 3 Q-24)

Q-10. Which of the following statements are true regarding static analysis techniques?

a. Static analysis evaluates design documents, test plans and user manuals to detect defects.

b. Static analysis evaluates source code to identify system failures.

c. Static analysis can be performed before an executable program is available.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-10: a. Static analysis evaluates design documents, test plans and user manuals to detect defects. and c. Static analysis can be performed before an executable program is available. (FL 3.1.2) (LO 3.1.2) (LO 3 Q-25)


Q-11. "An automated tool to support the strategy may not exist" is a characteristic of ____________________. Select all that apply.

a. The consultative test approach.

b. The regression-averse test approach.

c. The process-compliant test approach.

A-11: b. The regression-averse test approach. (FL 5.2.2) (LO 5.2.3) (LO 5 Q-21)


Q-12. Identify a characteristic of process-compliant test approach. Select all that apply.

a. The test cases to be executed are determined by an industry standard.

b. The strategy results in inadequate documentation.

c. The successful implementation of the strategy requires team member familiarity with the strategy.

A-12: c. The successful implementation of the strategy requires team member familiarity with the strategy. (FL 5.2.2) (LO 5.2.3) (LO 5 Q-22)


Q-13. Identify a characteristic of the heuristic test strategy. Select all that apply.

a. Team members learn about a software product’s behavior by running tests.

b. Tests are planned and prioritized according to a risk assessment.

c. Test case design is determined by an analysis of a requirements specification.

A-13: a. Team members learn about a software product’s behavior by running tests. (FL 5.2.2) (LO 5.2.3) (LO 5 Q-23)


Q-14. The probability and impact of project risk factors, such as cost overruns, is most likely to serve as input to __________. Select all that apply.

a. Test monitoring metrics.

b. Test execution metrics.

c. Test reporting metrics.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-14: a. Test monitoring metrics. (FL 5.3.1) (LO 5.3.1) (LO 5 Q-24)


Q-15. Identify an entry criterion for integration testing. Select all that apply.

a. Critical bugs have been identified and fixed.

b. Components are subject to form configuration management control.

c. Unit testing is complete.

A-15: a. Critical bugs have been identified and fixed. and c. Unit testing is complete. (FL 5.2.3) (LO 5.2.9) (LO 5 Q-25)


Q-16. Demonstrating a tool’s feasibility and gathering information about a tool’s settings are goals of which of the following?

a. Goals of a pilot project as a proof of concept.

b. Goals of a cost benefit analysis.

c. Goals of a configuration management process.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-16: a. Goals of a pilot project as a proof of concept. (FL 6.2.2) (LO 6.2.2) (LO 6 Q-21)

Q-17. What event leads to the experimentation with a tool’s configuration options and its reporting capabilities?

a. Risk assessment.

b. Pilot project.

c. Static testing.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-17: b Pilot project. (FL 6.2.2) (LO 6 Q-22)

Q-18. You are responsible for evaluating benefits of using a test tool. What parameters or characteristics will you consider in the process?

a. Required organizational process changes.

b. Required documentation changes.

c. File naming conventions.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-18: c. File naming conventions. and b. Required documentation changes. (FL 6.2.2) (LO 6. ) (LO 6 Q-23)


Q-19. What steps are required to successfully provide tool support?

a. Revise testing processes to accommodate Introducing the tool in SDLC processes in an incremental manner.

b. Collect data regarding a tool’s use.

c. the test process requirements to maximize the benefit of the tool’s deployment

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-19: a. Revise testing processes to accommodate Introducing the tool in SDLC processes in an incremental manner. and b. Collect data regarding a tool’s use. (FL 6.2.3) (LO 6, ) (L-24)O 6 Q

Q-20. Which of the following statements relate to the implementation, deployment and support of test tools?

a. The process must be supported by an organization’s executives.

b. A tool should be introduced to SDLC processes in a “big bang” manner.

c. Tool use must be monitored to improve testing processes.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-20: a. The process must be supported by an organization’s executives and c. Tool use must be monitored to improve testing processes. (FL 6.2.3) (LO 6 ) (LO 6 Q-25)

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