ASTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level: Quizzes

Quiz No. 40

Syllabus 2018

ASTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level: Quiz No. 40

QUESTIONS

Q-1. Which of the following is a valid test design activity? Select all that apply.

a. Review the test basis to determine what to test.

b. Adjust test plan to reflect results of static analysis.

c. Design test cases.

d. Prioritize test conditions.

e. Create test procedures.


Q-2. Develop and apply project corrective actions and adjust test plan are examples of which of the following? Select all that apply.

a. Test planning activities.

b. Test control activities.

c. Test implementation activities.

d. Test execution activities.

e. Test design activities.


Q-3. Which of the following describes the term “anomaly?” Select all that apply.

a. The result of a human mistake that’s committed at some point during the software development life cycle.

b. A condition that deviates from an expected one, which is described in a requirements specification or another test basis.

c. A deficiency in a work product that causes it to fail to meet its requirements.


Q-4. Evaluate testability of test basis, report issues regarding the testability of the test basis and adjust test plan accordingly are examples of which of the following? Select all that apply.

a. Activities of test planning.

b. Activities of test control.

c. Activities of test analysis.

d. Activities of test design.

e. Activities of test implementation.


Q-5. Which of the following is a testing objective for acceptance testing? Select all that apply.

a. Verify a program’s design.

b. Verify installed software works as expected according to user requirements.

c. Verify multiple variations of a program are executed using identical inputs.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-6. Identify needed infrastructure and tools, prioritize test conditions and document degree of coverage of the test basis are examples of which of the following? Select all that apply.

a. Test planning activities.

b. Test analysis activities.

c. Test design activities.

d. Test implementation activities.

e. Test execution activities.


Q-7. The absence of comments before loops and decision points and extremely complex coding structures are examples of defects identified by____________________.

a. Data flow analysis.

b. Checks for compliance to coding standards.

c. Control flow analysis.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-8. Which of the following factors contribute to a successful review?

a. Identified defects are fixed.

b. Identified defects are conveyed objectively.

c. Checklists and roles can be used to improve the review process.

d. Participants are trained in review techniques.

Q-9. Which of the following is a defect likely to be found using a static analysis tool?

1. An overly simple construct.

2. Erroneous logic.

3. Syntax violation.

4. Unreachable code.

a. 2, 3, 4

b. 1,2, 3 and 4

c. 1 and 3

d. 2 and 4

Q-10. Which of the following is a task of a test leader?

A. Adapt test plan based on status reports.

B. Select test approach.

C. Select test tools and arrange for team member training in tool usage.

D. Acquire test resources.

Q-11. Which of the following statements best describes testing?

a. Testing confirms a development team built the right product.

b. Testing demonstrates a software product and related work products are defect-free.

c. Testing confirms a development team built a software product correctly.

d. Testing is conducted to determine if a software product satisfies its requirements and is fit for purpose, and to detect defects.


Q-12. Typical defects discovered when examining code to confirm it complies with standards include____________.

a. Extremely complex coding structures.

b. Coding practices that contribute to security vulnerabilities.

c. Undefined variables.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-13. Which of the following describes a test phase? Select all that apply.

a. Functional testing.

b. Performance testing.

c. Regression testing.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-14. During what phase of the test effort are test cases scheduled for execution? Select all that apply.

a. Test planning and monitoring.

b. Test analysis and design.

c. Test implementation and Execution.

Q-15. What types of information is conveyed using test reporting metrics? Select all that apply.

a. A reprioritization of test cases in response to a risk assessment.

b. Events that occurred during a testing period.

c. The economic benefit of continuing a test effort.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-16. What would you use to represent the test team’s mission? Select all that apply.

a. Test Strategy.

b. Test Plan Specification.

c. Test Procedure.

Q-17. What triggers the creation of a test summary report? Select all that apply.

a. Unit, integration, system and acceptance testing is concluded.

b. Exit criteria are met.

c. The software product release decision is made.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-18. Identify any valid test report. Select all that apply.

a. Ad hoc query.

b. System interim test report.

c. Master test summary report.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-19. What test tool defines ranges for each data quality dimension to categorize data as high or low quality?

a. Security testing tool.

b. Data quality assessment tool.

c. Usability testing tool.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-20. Why is the portability testing tool important?

a. Identifies specific issues that should be fixed to improve a website's accessibility.

b. Measures the ease with which a component or application can be integrated in an environment.

c. Cleanses data and transforms it during migration to improve its quality.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

Q-1. Which of the following is a valid test design activity? Select all that apply.

a. Review the test basis to determine what to test.

b. Adjust test plan to reflect results of static analysis.

c. Design test cases.

d. Prioritize test conditions.

e. Create test procedures.

A-1: c. Design test cases. and d. Prioritize test conditions. (FL 1.4.1) (LO 1.4.1) (LO 1 Q-196)


Q-2. Develop and apply project corrective actions and adjust test plan are examples of which of the following? Select all that apply.

a. Test planning activities.

b. Test control activities.

c. Test implementation activities.

d. Test planning activities.

e. Test execution activities.

f. Test design activities.

A-2: b. Test control activities. (FL 1.4.1) (LO 1.4.1) (LO 1 Q-197)


Q-3. Which of the following describes the term “anomaly?” Select all that apply.

a. The result of a human mistake that’s committed at some point during the software development life cycle.

b. A condition that deviates from an expected one, which is described in a requirements specification or another test basis.

c. A deficiency in a work product that causes it to fail to meet its requirements.

A-3: b. A condition that deviates from an expected one, which is described in a requirements specification or another test basis. (FL 1.2.3) (LO 1.1.5) (LO 1 Q-198)


Q-4. Evaluate testability of test basis, report issues regarding the testability of the test basis and adjust test plan accordingly are examples of which of the following? Select all that apply.

a. Activities of test planning.

b. Activities of test control.

c. Activities of test analysis.

d. Activities of test design.

e. Activities of test implementation.

A-4: c. Activities of test analysis. (FL 1.4.1) (LO 1.4.1) (LO 1 Q-199)


Q-5. Which of the following is a testing objective for acceptance testing? Select all that apply.

a. Verify a program’s design.

b. Verify installed software works as expected according to user requirements.

c. Verify multiple variations of a program are executed using identical inputs.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-5: b. Verify installed software works as expected according to user requirements. (FL 1.1.1) (LO 1.2.2) (LO 1 Q-200)


Q-6. Identify needed infrastructure and tools, prioritize test conditions and document degree of coverage of the test basis are examples of which of the following? Select all that apply.

a. Test planning activities.

b. Test analysis activities.

c. Test design activities.

d. Test implementation activities.

e. Test execution activities.

A-6: c. Test design activities. (FL 1.5.1) (LO 1.4.1) (LO 1 Q-201)


Q-7. The absence of comments before loops and decision points and extremely complex coding structures are examples of defects identified by____________________.

a. Data flow analysis.

b. Checks for compliance to coding standards.

c. Control flow analysis.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-7: b. Checks for compliance to coding standards. (FL 3.1.3) (LO 3.3.3) (LO 3 Q-196)

Q-8. Which of the following factors contribute to a successful review?

a. Identified defects are fixed.

b. Identified defects are conveyed objectively.

c. Checklists and roles can be used to improve the review process.

d. Participants are trained in review techniques.

A-8: b. Identified defects are conveyed objectively. c. Checklists and roles can be used to improve the review process. and d. Participants are trained in review techniques. (FL 3.2.5) (LO 3.2.3) (LO 3 Q-197)

Q-9. Which of the following is a defect likely to be found using a static analysis tool?

1. An overly simple construct.

2. Erroneous logic.

3. Syntax violation.

4. Unreachable code.

a. 2, 3, 4

b. 1,2, 3 and 4

c. 1 and 3

d. 2 and 4

A-9: a. 2,3,4. and d. 2 and 4. (FL 3.1.2) (LO 3.3.1) (LO 3 Q-198)

Q-10. Which of the following is a task of a test leader?

a. Adapt test plan based on status reports.

b. Select test approach.

c. Select test tools and arrange for team member training in tool usage.

d. Acquire test resources.

A-10: a, Adapt test plan based on status reports. b. Select test approach. and c. Select test tools and arrange for team member training in tool usage. (FL 3.2.1) (LO 3.2.1) (LO 3 Q-199)

Q-11. Which of the following statements best describes testing?

a. Testing confirms a development team built the right product.

b. Testing demonstrates a software product and related work products are defect-free.

c. Testing confirms a development team built a software product correctly.

d. Testing is conducted to determine if a software product satisfies its requirements and is fit for purpose, and to detect defects.

A-11: d. Testing is conducted to determine if a software product satisfies its requirements and is fit for purpose, and to detect defects. (FL 1.1.1)

Q-12. Typical defects discovered when examining code to confirm it complies with standards include____________.

a. Extremely complex coding structures.

b. Coding practices that contribute to security vulnerabilities.

c. Undefined variables.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-12: a. Extremely complex coding structures. and b. Coding practices that contribute to security vulnerabilities. (FL 1.2.3) (LO 3.3.3)


Q-13. Which of the following describes a test phase? Select all that apply.

a. Functional testing.

b. Performance testing.

c. Regression testing.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-13: d. All of the above. (FL 2.1.1) (LO 5.2.5) (LO 5 Q-196)

Q-14. During what phase of the test effort are test cases scheduled for execution? Select all that apply.

a. Test planning and monitoring.

b. Test analysis and design.

c. Test implementation and Execution.

A-14: c. Test implementation and Execution. (FL 1.4.2) (LO 5.2.5) (LO 5 Q-197)

Q-15. What types of information is conveyed using test reporting metrics? Select all that apply.

a. A reprioritization of test cases in response to a risk assessment.

b. Events that occurred during a testing period.

c. The economic benefit of continuing a test effort.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-15: b. Events that occurred during a testing period. and c. The economic benefit of continuing a test effort. (FL 5.3.1) (LO 5.3.2) (LO 5 Q-198)

Q-16. What would you use to represent the test team’s mission? Select all that apply.

a. Test Strategy.

b. Test Plan Specification.

c. Test Procedure.

A-16: b. Test Plan Specification. (FL 5.2.1) (LO 5.2.2) (LO 5 Q-199)

Q-17. What triggers the creation of a test summary report? Select all that apply.

a. Unit, integration, system and acceptance testing is concluded.

b. Exit criteria are met.

c. The software product release decision is made.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-17: b. Exit criteria are met. (FL 5.3.2) (LO 5.3.3) (LO 5 Q-200)

Q-18. Identify valid test reports? Select all that apply.

a. Ad hoc query.

b. System interim test report.

c. Master test summary report.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-18: d. All of the above. (FL 5.3.2) (LO 5.3.3) (LO 5 Q-201)


Q-19. What test tool defines ranges for each data quality dimension to categorize data as high or low quality?

a. Security testing tool.

b. Data quality assessment tool.

c. Usability testing tool.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-19: b. Data quality assessment tool. (FL 6.1.1) (FL 6.1.1) (L) 6.1.1) (LO 6 201)

Q-20. Why is the portability testing tool important?

a. Identifies specific issues that should be fixed to improve a website's accessibility.

b. Measures the ease with which a component or application can be integrated in an environment.

c. Cleanses data and transforms it during migration to improve its quality.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-20: b. Measures the ease with which a component or application can be integrated in an environment. (FL 6.1.1) (LO 6.1.1)

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