ASTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level: Quizzes

Quiz No. 4

Syllabus 2018

ASTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level: Quiz No. 4

QUESTIONS

Q-1. In what way can a software defect harm the environment? Select all that apply.

a. Air pollution.

b. Soil contamination.

c. Noise nuisance.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-2. Which of the following best describes the term “failure?” Select all that apply.

a. A condition that deviates from an expected one, which is described in a requirements specification or another test basis.

b. The result of a human mistake that’s committed at some point in the software life cycle.

c. An imperfection in a work product that causes it to fail to meet its requirements.

d. An event in which a system is unsuccessful in performing a required function within a specified limit.

e. An imperfection or deficiency in a work product that causes it to fail to meet its requirements.


Q-3. You want to establish criteria that determine if a test item does not succeed. How do you do so? Select all that apply.

a. Specify reporting metrics during test planning.

b. Specify suspension criteria.

c. Specify pass and fail criteria.


Q-4: Resolve incidents, create deliverables and collect data regarding the test effort are activities of which of the following? Select all that apply.

a. Test monitoring activities.

b. Test reporting activities.

c. Test closure activities.


Q-5. Which of the following is a valid objective of installation testing? Select all that apply.

a. Verifies a software product works as expected in its operating environment.

b. Confirms the contractual agreement between a development organization and stakeholders have been met.

c. Assures a product will operate without failure during its life cycle.

d. Identifies existing issues with a product that must be corrected before its release.

e. Ensures that a modification to a system has no unintended effects.


Q-6. Which of the following is not a typical test objective?

A. To identify a software work product’s faults.

B. To assess whether or not a software product should be released.

C. To demonstrate that a software product does not function as it should.

D. To confirm the correctness of a software product.


Q-7. The term for the review type that’s performed by a work product’s developer and one or two other programmers or testers is_______________ .

a. Formal review.

b. Peer review.

c. Semi-formal review.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-8. A code walkthrough is______________.

a. A type of dynamic testing.

b. A type of static testing.

c. A type of inspection.

d. A type of review.

e. None of the above.


Q-9. Which of the following is a type of review?

a. Technical review.

b. Walkthrough.

c. Technical inspection.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-10. In addition to a review, which of the following is a verification and validation method?

a. Inspection

b. Walkthrough

c. Testing

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-11. What is a key aspect of test planning? Select all that apply.

a. Arranging for the availability of test facilities.

b. Determining the test types to be conducted.

c. Identifying the tools needed to support the test effort.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-12. Identify a factor that influences the prioritization and scheduling of manual tests? Select all that apply.

a. Risks associated with the test basis.

b. Tester availability.

c. Test environment configuration.

d. Stakeholder objectives.

e. Data dependencies.


Q-13. What is a characteristic of the standard compliant test approach? Select all that apply.

a. The standardized strategy depends on a standard set of documents.

b. The strategy is performed throughout the SDLC.

c. The approach is developed internally.


Q-14. Bug tracking systems are in place is an entry criterion for _______________. Select all that apply.

a. Unit testing.

b. Integration testing.

c. System testing.

d. None of the above.

e. All of the above.

Q-15. Test cases have been executed and defects have been fixed are exit criteria for _____________. Select all that apply.

a. Test project.

b. Acceptance testing.

c. System testing.


Q-16. Which of the following is a benefit of test automation?

a. Increases the number of characteristics that can be tested relative to that tested by manual processes.

b. Eliminates the objective bias of a tester.

c. Improves the reliability of repetitive processes.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-17. The acquisition of a test tool is dependent on what?

A. The need to increase the objectivity with which test cases are evaluated.

B. The need to lower the costs of executing the same tests on a repeated basis.

C. The need to decrease the accessibility of test data.

D. All of the above.

E. None of the above.


Q-18. Test automation can increase the risk of________________?

a. Mistakenly assuming a tool supports a platform that it does not.

b. Over-relying on the tool to execute tests, when manual tests suffice.

c. Underestimating the need for staff changes to achieve the benefit of a test tool.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-19. Which of the following represents a function of a data quality assessment tool?

a. Defines ranges for each data quality dimension to categorize data as high or low quality.

b. Finds and exposes the business and technical issues with data so that data cleansing and data enrichment processes can be executed.

c. Captures qualitative user comments and spot themes.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-20. The successful introduction of a test tool is dependent on what?

a. Realistic expectations regarding the test tool’s ease of use.

b. Underestimating the time, cost and effort needed to achieve the tool’s benefits.

c. Recognizing the vendor may stop supporting the test tool.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

Q-1. In what way can a software defect harm the environment? Select all that apply.

a. Air pollution.

b. Soil contamination.

c. Noise nuisance.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-1: d. All of the above. (FL 1.2.1) ( LO 1.1.1) (LO 1 Q-16)


Q-2. Which of the following best describes the term “failure?” Select all that apply.

a. A condition that deviates from an expected one, which is described in a requirements specification or another test basis.

b. The result of a human mistake that’s committed at some point in the software life cycle.

c. An imperfection in a work product that causes it to fail to meet its requirements.

d. An event in which a system is unsuccessful in performing a required function within a specified limit.

e. An imperfection or deficiency in a work product that causes it to fail to meet its requirements.

A-2: d. An event in which a system is unsuccessful in performing a required function within a specified limit. (FL 1.2.3) (LO 1.1.5) (LO 1 Q-17)

Q-3. You want to establish criteria that determine if a test item does not succeed. How do you do so? Select all that apply.

a. Specify reporting metrics during test planning.

b. Specify suspension criteria.

c. Specify pass and fail criteria.

A-3: c. Specify pass and fail criteria. (FL 1.4.2) (LO 1.4.1) (LO 1 Q-18)

Q-4: Resolve incidents, create deliverables and collect data regarding the test effort are activities of which of the following? Select all that apply.

a. Test monitoring activities.

b. Test reporting activities.

c. Test closure activities.

A-4: c. Test closure activities. (FL 1.4.2) (LO 1.4.1) (LO 1 Q-19)

Q-5. Which of the following is a valid objective of installation testing? Select all that apply.

a. Verifies a software product works as expected in its operating environment.

b. Confirms the contractual agreement between a development organization and stakeholders have been met.

c. Assures a product will operate without failure during its life cycle.

d. Identifies existing issues with a product that must be corrected before its release.

e. Ensures that a modification to a system has no unintended effects.

A-5: a. Verifies a software product works as expected in its operating environment. (FL 1.2.1) (LO 1.2.1) (LO 1 Q-20)


Q-6. Which of the following is not a typical test objective?

a. To identify a software work product’s faults.

b. To assess whether or not a software product should be released.

c. To demonstrate that a software product does not function as it should.

d. To confirm the correctness of a software product.

A-6: d. To confirm the correctness of a software product. (FL 3.1.3) (LO 3.1.2) (LO 3 Q-16)

Q-7. The term for the review type that’s performed by a work product’s developer and one or two other programmers or testers is_______________ .

a. Formal review.

b. Peer review.

c. Semi-formal review.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-7: b. Peer review. (FL 3.2.3) (LO 3.2.2) (LO 3 Q-17)

Q-8. A code walkthrough is______________.

a. A type of dynamic testing.

b. A type of static testing.

c. A type of inspection.

d. A type of review.

e None of the above.

A-8: b. A type of static testing. and d. A type of review. (FL 3.2.3) (LO 3.1.3) (LO 3 Q-18)

Q-9. Which of the following is a type of review?

a. Technical review.

b. Walkthrough.

c. Technical inspection.

d. All of the above.

e None of the above.

A-9: a. Technical review and b. Walkthrough. (FL 3.2.3) (LO 3.1.1) (LO3 Q-19)


Q-10. In addition to a review, which of the following is a verification and validation method?

a. Inspection.

b. Walkthrough.

c. Testing.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-10: d. All of the above. (FL 3.2.3) (LO 3.1.3) (LO 3 Q-20)


Q-11. What is a key aspect of test planning? Select all that apply.

a. Arranging for the availability of test facilities.

b. Determining the test types to be conducted.

c. Identifying the tools needed to support the test effort.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-11: a. Arranging for the availability of test facilities. (FL 5.2.1) (LO 5.2.4) (LO 5 Q-16)


Q-12. Identify a factor that influences the prioritization and scheduling of manual tests? Select all that apply.

a. Risks associated with the test basis.

b. Tester availability.

c. Test environment configuration.

d. Stakeholder objectives.

e. Data dependencies.

A-12: a. Risks associated with the test basis. and d. Stakeholder objectives. (FL 5.2.4) (LO 5.2.5) (LO 5 Q-17)


Q-13. What is a characteristic of the standard compliant test approach? Select all that apply.

a. The standardized strategy depends on a standard set of documents.

b. The strategy is performed throughout the SDLC.

c. The approach is developed internally.

Q-13: a. The standardized strategy depends on a standard set of documents. (FL 5.2.2) (LO 5.2.3) (LO 5 Q-18)

Q-14. Bug tracking systems are in place is an entry criterion for _______________. Select all that apply.

a. Unit testing.

b. Integration testing.

c. System testing.

d. None of the above.

e. All of the above.

A-14: c. System testing. (FL 5.2.3) (LO 5.2.9) (LO 5 Q-19)


Q-15. Test cases have been executed and defects have been fixed are exit criteria for _____________. Select all that apply.

a. Test project.

b. Acceptance testing.

c. System testing.

A-15: a. Test project. (FL 5.2.3) (LO 5.2.9) (LO 5 Q-20)


Q-16. Which of the following is a benefit of test automation?

a. Increases the number of characteristics that can be tested relative to that tested by manual processes.

b. Eliminates the objective bias of a tester.

c. Improves the reliability of repetitive processes.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-16: a. Increases the number of characteristics that can be tested relative to that tested by manual processes and c. Improves the reliability of repetitive processes. (FL 6.1.2) (FL 6 Q-16)

Q-17. The acquisition of a test tool is dependent on what?

a. The need to increase the objectivity with which test cases are evaluated.

b. The need to lower the costs of executing the same tests on a repeated basis.

c. The need to decrease the accessibility of test data.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-17: b. The need to lower the costs of executing the same tests on a repeated basis. (FL 6.1.2) (FL 6 Q-17)


Q-18. Test automation can increase the risk of________________?

a. Mistakenly assuming a tool supports a platform that it does not.

b. Over-relying on the tool to execute tests, when manual tests suffice.

c. Underestimating the need for staff changes to achieve the benefit of a test tool.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-18: a. Mistakenly assuming a tool supports a platform that it does not. and b. Over-relying on the tool to execute tests, when manual tests suffice. (FL 6.1.2) (FL 6 Q-18)

Q-19. Which of the following represents a function of a data quality assessment tool?

a. Defines ranges for each data quality dimension to categorize data as high or low quality.

b. Finds and exposes the business and technical issues with data so that data cleansing and data enrichment processes can be executed.

c. Captures qualitative user comments and spot themes.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-19: A. Defines ranges for each data quality dimension to categorize data as high or low quality. and B. Finds and exposes the business and technical issues with data so that data cleansing and data enrichment processes can be executed. (FL 6.1.1) (FL 6 Q-19)

Q-20. The successful introduction of a test tool is dependent on what?

a. Realistic expectations regarding the test tool’s ease of use.

b. Underestimating the time, cost and effort needed to achieve the tool’s benefits.

c. Recognizing the vendor may stop supporting the test tool.

d. All of the above.

eE. None of the above.

A-20: a. Realistic expectations regarding the test tool’s ease of use. and c. Recognizing the vendor may stop supporting the test tool. (FL 6.2.3) (FL 6 Q-20)

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