ASTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level: Quizzes

Quiz No. 38

Syllabus 2018

ASTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level: Quiz No. 38

QUESTIONS

Q-1. Which of the following is a characteristic of the “medium-high level of Independence” in regards to tester independence? Select all that apply.

a. The developer and tester are members of the same group.

b. The developer and tester are employees of the same company.

c. Author bias is not diminished.

d. Groupthink is not an issue.

e. Neither the developer nor the tester may possess testing knowledge.


Q-2. The customer wants to use an independent test team to test a mission critical system. Why? Select all that apply.

a. This approach grants the tester a high level of independence, which yields a high level of defect detection.

b. This approach eliminates author bias.

c. This approach eliminates groupthink.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-3. What is the effect of a condition that deviates from an expected condition as described in a requirements specification? Select all that apply.

a. Defect.

b. Anomaly.

c. Error.

d. Fault.

e. Failure.


Q-4. Which of the following is a psychological factor that may influence the success of the test effort? Select all that apply.

a. A team member may form subconscious assumptions and harbor a fear of failure.

b. A team member is encouraged to develop problem-solving skills.

c. Team members share project responsibilities.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-5. How does the tester’s mindset differ from that of a developer? Select all that apply.

a. Unlike the tester, the developer view a test object from an independent viewpoint.

b. Unlike many developers, the test may have received specific testing training.

c. Unlike the tester, the developer can execute tests at any level.

d. As compared to the developer, a tester is able to focus his test effort due to his independence.

e. As compared to the tester, the developer is more familiar with the software, which may increase the success of the test effort.


Q-6. The role that documents issues identified during a formal review.

A. Scribe.

B. Moderator.

C. Author.

D. None of the above.

E. All of the above.

Q-7. What is the purpose of a review?

a. Identification of defects.

b. Identification of failures.

c. Identification of anomalies.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-8. Which of the following is analyzed using calling graphs?

a. Pointer issues.

b. Program bottlenecks.

c. Complex coding structure.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-9. Hyperlink tools identify___________________.

a. Invalid hyperlinks that fail to route users to the intended web pages.

b. Hyperlinks that route users to incorrect web pages.

c. Instances that require an excessive amount of time to display a web page.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-10. Which of the following may be conducted as a peer review?

a. Inspection.

b. Walkthrough.

c. Technical Review.

d. Formal Review.


Q-11. During what test process phase does the test manager decide what to test, the effort to expend and the tools needed to support the effort? Select all that apply.

a. Test planning and control.

b. Test analysis and design.

c. Test implementation and execution.

Q-12. You are responsible for scheduling test execution. Which of the following is a true statement regarding this activity? Select all that apply.

a. The test procedure stipulates the series of actions that should be taken to execute a test.

b. Tests that are run by manual means are specified in a test script.

c. The creation of a test execution schedule is a process independent of creating a test plan.

d. A test execution schedule is a combination of test procedures and automated test scrips.

e. The creation of the test schedule is an activity of the test planning and control phase of the test process.


Q-13. Which of the following is a key element in a test procedure specification? Select all that apply.

a. Test cases.

b. Dependencies.

c. Metrics.

Q-14. The customer requires the means to ensure texting continues until a specific set of conditions are met. What document supports this requirement? Select all that apply.

a. Test design specification.

b. Test procedure specification.

c. Test case specification.

d. Test plan specification.

e. Test transmittal report.

Q-15. What is the business benefit of risk management? Select all that apply.

a. Allows test managers to manage cost, schedule and performance constraints.

b. Increases the quality of software and thereby supports an organization’s mission.

c. Supports the elimination of the root causes of negative occurrence.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-16. What is the purpose of a model-based test tool?

a. Creates records according to guidelines.

b. Supports the creation of test specifications.

c. Generates test cases from a formal or semi-formal model.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-17. Model-based test tool and test data preparation tool are examples of what?

a. Tool support for test design and implementation.

b. Tool support for static testing.

c. Tool support for test execution and logging.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

Q-1. Which of the following is a characteristic of the “medium-high level of Independence” in regards to tester independence? Select all that apply.

a. The developer and tester are members of the same group.

b. The developer and tester are employees of the same company.

c. Author bias is not diminished.

d. Groupthink is not an issue.

e. Neither the developer nor the tester may possess testing knowledge.

A-1: b. The developer and tester are employees of the same company. d. Groupthink is not an issue. and e. Neither the developer nor the tester may possess testing knowledge. (FL 5.1.1) (LO 1.5.3) (LO 1 Q-186)


Q-2. The customer wants to use an independent test team to test a mission critical system. Why? Select all that apply.

a. This approach grants the tester a high level of independence, which yields a high level of defect detection.

b. This approach eliminates author bias.

c. This approach eliminates groupthink.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-2: d. All of the above. (FL 5.1.1) (LO 1.5.3) (LO 1 Q-187)


Q-3. What is the effect of a condition that deviates from an expected condition as described in a requirements specification? Select all that apply.

a. Defect.

b. Anomaly.

c. Error.

d. Fault.

e. Failure.

A-3: b. Anomaly. (FL 1.2.4) (LO 1.1.5) (LO 1 Q-188)


Q-4. Which of the following is a psychological factor that may influence the success of the test effort? Select all that apply.

a. A team member may form subconscious assumptions and harbor a fear of failure.

b. A team member is encouraged to develop problem-solving skills.

c. Team members share project responsibilities.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-4: d. All of the above. (FL 1.5.1) (LO 1.5.1) (LO 1 Q-189)


Q-5. How does the tester’s mindset differ from that of a developer? Select all that apply.

a. Unlike the tester, the developer view a test object from an independent viewpoint.

b. Unlike many developers, the test may have received specific testing training.

c. Unlike the tester, the developer can execute tests at any level.

d. As compared to the developer, a tester is able to focus his test effort due to his independence.

e. As compared to the tester, the developer is more familiar with the software, which may increase the success of the test effort.

A-5: b. Unlike many developers, the test may have received specific testing training. d. As compared to the developer, a tester is able to focus his test effort due to his independence. and e. As compared to the tester, the developer is more familiar with the software, which may increase the success of the test effort. (FL 1.5.2) (LO 1.5.2) (LO 1 Q-190)


Q-6. The role that documents issues identified during a formal review.

A. Scribe.

B. Moderator.

C. Author.

D. None of the above.

E. All of the above.

A-6: a. Scribe. (FL 3.2.1) (LO 3.2.1) (LO 3 Q-186)

Q-7. What is the purpose of a review?

a. Identification of defects.

b. Identification of failures.

c. Identification of anomalies.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-7: a. Identification of defects. and c. Identification of anomalies. (FL 3.1.1) (LO 3.1.1) (LO 3 Q-187)

Q-8. Which of the following is analyzed using calling graphs?

a. Pointer issues.

b. Program bottlenecks.

c. Complex coding structure.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-8: b. Program bottlenecks. (FL 3.1.2) (LO 3.3.1) (LO 3 Q-188)

Q-9. Hyperlink tools identify___________________.

a. Invalid hyperlinks that fail to route users to the intended web pages.

b. Hyperlinks that route users to incorrect web pages.

c. Instances that require an excessive amount of time to display a web page.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-9: d. All of the above. (FL 3.1.3) (LO 3.3.3) (LO 3 Q-189)

Q-10. Which of the following may be conducted as a peer review?

a. Inspection.

b. Walkthrough.

c. Technical Review.

d. Formal Review.

A-10: c. Technical review. (FL 3.2.1) (LO 3.2.1) (LO 3 Q-185)


Q-11. During what test process phase does the test manager decide what to test, the effort to expend and the tools needed to support the effort? Select all that apply.

a. Test planning and control.

b. Test analysis and design.

c. Test implementation and execution.

A-11: b. Test analysis and design. (FL 1.4.2) (LO 5.2.4) (LO 5 Q-186)

Q-12. You are responsible for scheduling test execution. Which of the following is a true statement regarding this activity? Select all that apply.

a. The test procedure stipulates the series of actions that should be taken to execute a test.

b. Tests that are run by manual means are specified in a test script.

c. The creation of a test execution schedule is a process independent of creating a test plan.

d. A test execution schedule is a combination of test procedures and automated test scrips.

e. The creation of the test schedule is an activity of the test planning and control phase of the test process.

A-12: a. The test procedure stipulates the series of actions that should be taken to execute a test. c. The creation of a test execution schedule is a process independent of creating a test plan and d. A test execution schedule is a combination of test procedures and automated test scripts. (FL 5.2.1) (LO 5.2.4) (LO 5 Q-187)

Q-13. Which of the following is a key element in a test procedure specification? Select all that apply.

a. Test cases.

b. Dependencies.

c. Metrics.

A-13: a. Test cases. (FL 5.2.1) (LO 5.2.2) (LO 5 Q-188)

Q-14. The customer requires the means to ensure texting continues until a specific set of conditions are met. What document supports this requirement? Select all that apply.

a. Test design specification.

b. Test procedure specification.

c. Test case specification.

d. Test plan specification.

e. Test transmittal report.

A-14: d. Test plan specification. (FL 5.2.1) (LO 5.2.2) (LO 5 Q-189)

Q-15. What is the business benefit of risk management? Select all that apply.

a. Allows test managers to manage cost, schedule and performance constraints.

b. Increases the quality of software and thereby supports an organization’s mission.

c. Supports the elimination of the root causes of negative occurrence.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-15: d. All of the above. (FL 5.5.3)


Q-16. What is the purpose of a model-based test tool?

a. Creates records according to guidelines.

b. Supports the creation of test specifications.

c. Generates test cases from a formal or semi-formal model.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-16: c. Generates test cases from a formal or semi-formal model. (FL 6.1.1) (LO 6.1.1) (LO 6 Q-109)

Q-17. Model-based test tool and test data preparation tool are examples of what?

a. Tool support for test design and implementation.

b. Tool support for static testing.

c. Tool support for test execution and logging.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-17: a. Tool support for test design and implementation. (FL 6.1.1) (LO 6.1.1) (LO 6 Q-111)

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