ASTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level: Quizzes

Quiz No. 37

Syllabus 2018

ASTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level: Quiz No. 37

QUESTIONS

Q-1. Which of the following describes the significance of software quality processes? Select all that apply.

a. They make it more likely that software services will meet quality objectives.

b. They make it more likely that organizational quality objectives will meet stakeholder requirements.

c. They make it more likely that software life cycle processes will meet stakeholder requirements.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-2. Which of the following is a countermeasure to Zeno’s Paradox? Select all that apply.

a. The context in which testing occurs should influence the testing approach.

b. Design tests to confirm a software product meets a user’s requirements.

c. Design test cases that make it likely a large number of defects will be identified.

d. Several testing methods and test approaches should be used when testing software products.

e. The testing effort should be guided by the expected defect density of modules.


Q-3. A software program does not perform the actions needed to complete a process as expected. This is an example of which of the following? Select all that apply.

a. A module interface defect.

b. A code-document defect.

c. A processing defect.

d. A control flow error.

e. A functionality error.


Q-4. Which of the following is a test control test activity? Select all that apply.

a. Report deviations from planned progress.

b. Report issues regarding the testability of the test basis.

c. Report system quality.

d. Report strengths and weaknesses of the work product.

e. Report status of work product.


Q-5. Which of the following is a characteristic of the “low level of independence” in regards to tester independence? Select all that apply.

a. The developer and tester are members of the same group.

b. The developer and tester are employees of the same company.

c. Author bias is not diminished.

d. Groupthink is not an issue.

e. Neither the developer nor the tester may possess testing knowledge.


Q-6. What factors affect the formality of a review?

a. Review type.

b. Maturity of the tester.

c. Legal requirements.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-7. True or False: One software work product may serve as the test object for one or more reviews, of one or more review types and during one or more phases of the software development life cycle.

a. True.

b. False.

Q-8. Control flow analysis is helpful in identifying______________________.

a. Complex coding structure.

b. Unused variables.

c. The failure to release main memory dynamically reserved.

Q-9. A program that fails to adhere to coding standards can be identified using ___________________.

a. Static analysis tool rule set.

b. Dynamic analysis tool rule set.

c. All of the above.

d. None of the above.

Q-10. Which of the following statements best describes validation?

a. Validation confirms the development team complied with the right set of quality assurance standards.

b. Validation confirms the development team built the right product.

c. Validation confirms the development team built the product right.

d. Validation confirms the development team complied with the right set of development standards.

Q-11. What is the purpose of an incident report? Select all that apply.

a. A means to analyze defect trends.

b. Input to the project resource allocation plan.

c. A means to evaluate software quality.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-12. Which of the following is a benefit of configuration management to a testing effort? Select all that apply.

a. SCM uniquely identifies test objects, documents, suites and harnesses.

b. SCM correlates test items and associated files and components.

c. SCM traces test results to test items.

d. SCM transmits a version-controlled test release.

e. SCM implements version control of testware.

Q-13. What determines which features will be tested? Select all that apply.

a. Test design specification.

b. Risk assessment.

c. Test procedure.

Q-14. How is a test design specification different than a test plan specification? Select all that apply.

a. The test plan specifies the test team’s mission and the test design specification specifies the intent of the testing process.

b. The test design specification serves as the basis of a test strategy and the test plan specification describes the features to be tested.

c. The test plan specifies feature pass criteria and the test design specification specifies the exit criteria.

Q-15. A discrepancy between an actual and expected testing outcome is referred to as what? Select all that apply.

a. Anomaly.

b. Incident.

c. Defect.

d. Fault.

e. Failure.


Q-16. What can be used to conduct application testing to identify vulnerabilities in software before it is deployed?

a. Accessibility testing tool.

b. Data conversion and migration tool.

c. Security testing tool.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-17. What is a function of a data conversion and migration tool?

a. Reviews the results of data quality initiatives and determines if the data quality is acceptable. (F)

b. Reads data from the legacy system and writes it to the new system. (T)

c. Tests the information architecture, labeling and design of a website. (F)

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

Q-1. Which of the following describes the significance of software quality processes? Select all that apply.

a. They make it more likely that software services will meet quality objectives.

b. They make it more likely that organizational quality objectives will meet stakeholder requirements.

c. They make it more likely that software life cycle processes will meet stakeholder requirements.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-1: a. They make it more likely that software services will meet quality objective. and c. They make it more likely that software life cycle processes will meet stakeholder requirements. (FL 1.2.2) (LO 1.1.4) (LO 1 Q-181)


Q-2. Which of the following is a countermeasure to Zeno’s paradox? Select all that apply.

a. The context in which testing occurs should influence the testing approach.

b. Design tests to confirm a software product meets a user’s requirements.

c. Design test cases that make it likely a large number of defects will be identified.

d. Several testing methods and test approaches should be used when testing software products.

e. The testing effort should be guided by the expected defect density of modules.

A-2: c. Design test cases that make it likely a large number of defects will be identified. (FL 1.3.1) (LO 1.3.1) (LO 1 Q-182)


Q-3. A software program does not perform the actions needed to complete a process as expected. This is an example of which of the following? Select all that apply.

a. A module interface defect.

b. A code-document defect.

c. A processing defect.

d. A control flow error.

e. A functionality error.

A-3: d. A control flow error. (FL 1.2.3) (LO 1.1.5) (LO 1 Q-183)


Q-4. Which of the following is a test control test activity? Select all that apply.

a. Report deviations from planned progress.

b. Report issues regarding the testability of the test basis.

c. Report system quality.

d. Report strengths and weaknesses of the work product.

e. Report status of work product.

A-4: a. Report deviations from planned progress. and c. Report system quality. (FL 1.4.1) (LO 1.4.1) (LO 1 Q-184)


Q-5. Which of the following is a characteristic of the “low level of Independence” in regards to tester independence? Select all that apply.

a. The developer and tester are members of the same group.

b. The developer and tester are employees of the same company.

c. Author bias is not diminished.

d. Groupthink is not an issue.

e. Neither the developer nor the tester may possess testing knowledge.

A-5: a. The developer and tester are members of the same group. b. The developer and tester are employees of the same company. and e. Neither the developer nor the tester may possess testing knowledge. (FL 5.1.1) (LO 1.5.3) (LO 1 Q-185)


Q-6. What factors affect the formality of a review?

a. Review type.

b. Maturity of the tester.

c. Legal requirements.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-6: a. Review type. and c. Legal requirements. (FL 3.2.3) (LO 3.2.2) (LO 3 Q-181)

Q-7. True or False: One software work product may serve as the test object for one or more reviews, of one or more review types and during one or more phases of the software development life cycle.

a. True.

b. False.

A-7: a. True. (FL 3.2.3) (LO 3.2.2) (LO 3 Q-182)

Q-8. Control flow analysis is helpful in identifying______________________.

a. Complex coding structure.

b. Unused variables.

c. The failure to release main memory dynamically reserved.

A-8: a. Complex coding structure. (FL 3.1.2) (LO 3.3.1) (LO 3 Q-183)

Q-9. A program that fails to adhere to coding standards can be identified using ___________________.

a. Static analysis tool rule set.

b. Dynamic analysis tool rule set.

c. All of the above.

d. None of the above.

A-9: a. Static analysis tool rule set. (FL 3.1.2) (LO 3.3.2) (LO 3 Q-184)

Q-10. Which of the following statements best describes validation?

a. Validation confirms the development team complied with the right set of quality assurance standards.

b. Validation confirms the development team built the right product.

c. Validation confirms the development team built the product right.

d. Validation confirms the development team complied with the right set of development standards.

Q-10: b. Validation confirms the development team built the right product. (FL 3.1.2) (LO 3.1.2) (LO 3 Q-180)

Q-11. What is the purpose of an incident report? Select all that apply.

a. A means to analyze defect trends.

b. Input to the project resource allocation plan.

c. A means to evaluate software quality.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-11: d. All of the above. (FL 5.6.1) (LO 5.6.2) (LO 5 Q-181)

Q-12. Which of the following is a benefit of configuration management to a testing effort? Select all that apply.

a. SCM uniquely identifies test objects, documents, suites and harnesses.

b. SCM correlates test items and associated files and components.

c. SCM traces test results to test items.

d. SCM transmits a version-controlled test release.

e. SCM implements version control of testware.

A-12: a. SCM uniquely identifies test objects, documents, suites and harnesses. b. SCM correlates test items and associated files and components and e. SCM implements version control of testware. (FL 5.4.1) (LO 5.4.1) (LO 5 Q-182)

Q-13. What determines which features will be tested? Select all that apply.

a. Test design specification.

b. Risk assessment.

c. Test procedure.

A-13: b. Risk assessment. (FL 5.2.1) (LO 5.2.2) (LO 5 Q-183)

Q-14. How is a test design specification different than a test plan specification? Select all that apply.

a. The test plan specifies the test team’s mission and the test design specification specifies the intent of the testing process.

b. The test design specification serves as the basis of a test strategy and the test plan specification describes the features to be tested.

c. The test plan specifies feature pass criteria and the test design specification specifies the exit criteria.

A-14: a. The test plan specifies the test team’s mission and the test design specification specifies the intent of the testing process. (FL 5.2.1) (LO 5.2.2) (LO 5 Q-184)

Q-15. A discrepancy between an actual and expected testing outcome is referred to as what? Select all that apply.

a. Anomaly.

b. Incident.

c. Defect.

d. Fault.

e. Failure.

A-15: b. Incident. (FL 5.6.1) (LO 5.6.1) (LO 5 Q-103)


Q-16. What can be used to conduct application testing to identify vulnerabilities in software before it is deployed?

a. Accessibility testing tool.

b. Data conversion and migration tool.

c. Security testing tool.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-16: c. Security testing tool. (FL 6.1.1) (LO 6.1.1) (LO 6 Q-104)

Q-17. What is a function of a data conversion and migration tool?

a. Reviews the results of data quality initiatives and determines if the data quality is acceptable.

b. Reads data from the legacy system and writes it to the new system.

c. Tests the information architecture, labeling and design of a website.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-17.b. Reads data from the legacy system and writes it to the new system. (FL 6.1.1) (LO 6.1.1) (LO 6 Q-105)

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