ASTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level: Quizzes

Quiz No. 36

Syllabus 2018

ASTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level: Quiz No. 36

QUESTIONS

Q-1. Which of the following is a test execution activity? Select all that apply.

a. Report anomalies as incidents.

b. Execute test procedures.

c. Track and analyze defects.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-2. What statement is correct in regards to the term “error?” Select all that apply.

a. An error is a condition that deviates from an expected condition that’s described in a requirements specification.

b. An error is the result of a human mistake that’s committed at some point in the software life cycle.

c. An error is an imperfection in a work product that causes it to fail to meet its requirements.


Q-3. Which of the following is an example of a business-critical system? Select all that apply.

a. The failure of the system negatively affects the ability to achieve tactical goals.

b. A system that processes financial transactions is a business-critical system.

c. A system that enhances employee productivity is a business-critical system.

d. The failure of a business-critical system can result in the loss of sensitive data.


Q-4. Which of the following is a reason that testing is part of quality assurance? Select all that apply.

a. Testing ensures that the software under test adheres to its documented requirements.

b. Testing ensures that the software under test as stated in its requirements is suited to its intended purpose.

c. Testing ensures that the software under test meets user needs.

d. Testing ensures that the software under test confirms requirements are correct, complete and testable.


Q-5. Which of the following testing principles is associated with the absence of errors fallacy? Select all that apply.

a. Early testing is essential to efficiently identify defects.

b. Testing processes can confirm the presence of defects in a software work product, but not the absence of them.

c. A small number of modules often contain the majority of defects found during pre-release testing.

d. The negative consequences of the failure of a system to meet user needs cannot be negated by identifying and fixing defects.

e. A single testing strategy will neither expose all types of defects nor properly evaluate a software product’s capabilities.


Q-6: What option exists to identify references to variables with undefined values?

a. Dynamic analysis.

b. Static analysis.

c. All of the above.

d. None of the above.

Q-7. What review type is typically used to evaluate software requirements and the software design?

a. Technical review.

b. Walkthrough.

c. Inspection.

e. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-7: a. Technical review. (FL 3.2.3) (LO 3.2.2) (LO 3 Q-177)

Q-8. Which of the following can be the subject of one or more reviews and one or more review types?

a. Source code.

b. Architectural documents.

c. Software requirements.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-9. The formality varies from one review to the next for which type of review?

a. Technical review.

b. Inspection.

c. Walkthrough.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-10. Inconsistent interface specifications are identified how?

a. Dynamic testing.

b. Static testing.

c. All of the above.

d. None of the above.


Q-11. Which of the following follows a build plan so bugs can be discovered as early as possible? Select all that apply.

a. Unit testing.

b. Component testing.

c. Integration testing.

d. System testing.

e. Acceptance testing.

Q-12. You are responsible for managing system testing. Which of the following perspectives can be used in the process? Select all that apply.

a. Stakeholder.

b. End user.

c. System behavior.

d. Load and error conditions.

Q-13. It’s decided that nine project milestones should be achieved. Where are these milestones defined? Select all that apply.

a. Test design specification.

b. Test plan.

c. Test procedure.

d. Any of the above.

e. All of the above.

Q-14. What should be used during system testing to create stressful conditions the result of which can be evaluated? Select all that apply.

a. Specification-based techniques.

b. Structural techniques.

c. Non-functional techniques.

d. Defect-based techniques.

Q-15. Why is the test design specification important? Select all that apply.

a. Specifies the test approach that will be taken.

b. Identifies test cases related to a certain test effort.

c. States feature pass and fail criteria.

d. Specifies the equipment, tool and software requirements.


Q-16. What statement is applicable to the data quality assessment tool?

a. Maps data on the legacy system to a new system using a design for data extraction and data loading.

b. Finds and exposes the business and technical issues with data so that data cleansing and data enrichment processes can be executed across the organizational data using the appropriate data quality tools.

c. Captures qualitative user comments and spot themes.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-17. What tool is used to improve website navigation, support the definition of an information architecture and further a client's understanding of first clicks?

a. Accessibility testing tool.

b. Usability testing tool.

c. Localization testing tool.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

Q-1. Which of the following is a test execution activity? Select all that apply.

a. Report anomalies as incidents.

b. Execute test procedures.

c. Track and analyze defects.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-1: a. Report anomalies as incidents. and b. Execute test procedures. (FL 1.4.1) (LO 1.4.1) (LO 1 Q-176)


Q-2. What statement is correct in regards to the term “error?” Select all that apply.

a. An error is a condition that deviates from an expected condition that’s described in a requirements specification.

b. An error is the result of a human mistake that’s committed at some point in the software life cycle.

c. An error is an imperfection in a work product that causes it to fail to meet its requirements.

A-2: b. An error is the result of a human mistake that’s committed at some point in the software life cycle. (FL 1.2.3) (LO 1.1.5) (LO 1 Q-177)


Q-3. Which of the following is an example of a business-critical system? Select all that apply.

a. The failure of the system negatively affects the ability to achieve tactical goals.

b. A system that processes financial transactions is a business-critical system.

c. A system that enhances employee productivity is a business-critical system.

d. The failure of a business-critical system can result in the loss of sensitive data.

A-3: b. A system that processes financial transactions is a business-critical system. and c. A system that enhances employee productivity is a business-critical system. (FL 1.1.1) (LO 1.1.1) (LO 1 Q-178)


Q-4. Which of the following is a reason that testing is part of quality assurance? Select all that apply.

a. Testing ensures that the software under test adheres to its documented requirements.

b. Testing ensures that the software under test as stated in its requirements is suited to its intended purpose.

c. Testing ensures that the software under test meets user needs.

d. Testing ensures that the software under test confirms requirements are correct, complete and testable.

A-4: a. Testing ensures that the software under test adheres to its documented requirements. c. Testing ensures that the software under test meets user needs. and d. Testing ensures that the software under test confirms requirements are correct, complete and testable. (FL 1.2.2) (LO 1.1.4) (LO 1 Q-179)


Q-5. Which of the following testing principles is associated with the absence of errors fallacy? Select all that apply.

a. Early testing is essential to efficiently identify defects.

b. Testing processes can confirm the presence of defects in a software work product, but not the absence of them.

c. A small number of modules often contain the majority of defects found during pre-release testing.

d. The negative consequences of the failure of a system to meet user needs cannot be negated by identifying and fixing defects.

e. A single testing strategy will neither expose all types of defects nor properly evaluate a software product’s capabilities.

A-5: d. The negative consequences of the failure of a system to meet user needs cannot be negated by identifying and fixing defects. (FL 1.3.1) (LO 1.3.1) (LO 1 Q-180)


Q-6: What option exists to identify references to variables with undefined values?

a. Dynamic analysis.

b. Static analysis.

c. All of the above.

d. None of the above.

A-6: b. Static analysis. (FL 3.1.3) (LO 3.1.3) (LO 3 Q-176)

Q-7. What review type is typically used to evaluate software requirements and the software design?

a. Technical review.

b. Walkthrough.

c. Inspection.

e. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-7: a. Technical review. (FL 3.2.3) (LO 3.2.2) (LO 3 Q-177)

Q-8. Which of the following can be the subject of one or more reviews and one or more review types?

a. Source code.

b. Architectural documents.

c. Software requirements.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-8: d. All of the above. (FL 3.2.3) (LO 3.2.2) (LO 3 Q-178)

Q-9. The formality varies from one review to the next for which type of review?

a. Technical review.

b. Inspection.

c. Walkthrough.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-9: a. Technical review. and c. Walkthrough. (FL 3.2.3) (LO 3.2.2) (LO 3 Q-179)

Q-10. Inconsistent interface specifications are identified how?

a. Dynamic testing.

b. Static testing.

c. All of the above.

d. None of the above.

A-10: b. Static testing. (FL 3.1.3) (LO 3.1.3) (LO 3 Q-175)


Q-11. Which of the following follows a build plan so bugs can be discovered as early as possible? Select all that apply.

a. Unit testing.

b. Component testing.

c. Integration testing.

d. System testing.

e. Acceptance testing.

A-11: c. Integration testing. (FL 2.2.2) (LO 5.2.1) (LO 5 Q-176)

Q-12. You are responsible for managing system testing. Which of the following perspectives can be used in the process? Select all that apply.

a. Stakeholder.

b. End user.

c. System behavior.

d. Load and error conditions.

A-12: b. End user. and c. System behavior (FL 2.2.1) LO 5.2.1) (LO 5 Q-177)

Q-13. It’s decided that nine project milestones should be achieved. Where are these milestones defined? Select all that apply.

a. Test design specification.

b. Test plan.

c. Test procedure.

d. Any of the above.

e. All of the above.

A-13: b. Test plan. (FL 5.2.1) (LO 5.2.2) (LO 5 Q-178)

Q-14. What should be used during system testing to create stressful conditions the result of which can be evaluated? Select all that apply.

a. Specification-based techniques.

b. Structural techniques.

c. Non-functional techniques.

d. Defect-based techniques.

A-14: b. Structural techniques. (FL 5.2.1) (LO 5.2.1) (LO 5 Q-179)

Q-15. Why is the test design specification important? Select all that apply.

a. Specifies the test approach that will be taken.

b. Identifies test cases related to a certain test effort.

c. States feature pass and fail criteria.

d. Specifies the equipment, tool and software requirements.

A-15: b. Identifies test cases related to a certain test effort. and c. States feature pass and fail criteria. (FL 5.2.1) (LO 5.2.2) (LO 5 Q-98)


Q-16. What statement is applicable to the data quality assessment tool?

a. Maps data on the legacy system to a new system using a design for data extraction and data loading.

b. Finds and exposes the business and technical issues with data so that data cleansing and data enrichment processes can be executed across the organizational data using the appropriate data quality tools.

c. Captures qualitative user comments and spot themes.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-16: b. Finds and exposes the business and technical issues with data so that data cleansing and data enrichment processes can be executed across the organizational data using the appropriate data quality tools. (FL 6.1.1) (LO 6.1.1) (LO 6 Q-99)


Q-17. What tool is used to improve website navigation, support the definition of an information architecture and further a client's understanding of first clicks?

a. Accessibility testing tool.

b. Usability testing tool.

c. Localization testing tool.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-17: b. Usability testing tool. (FL 6.1.1) (LO 6.1.1) (LO 6 Q-100)

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