ASTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level: Quizzes

Quiz No. 35

Syllabus 2018

ASTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level: Quiz No. 35

QUESTIONS

Q-1. The degree to which test objectives take form as test conditions and test cases depends in part on what? Select all that apply.

a. Test requirements.

b. Available technology.

c. Project team expectations.

d. Available team members.

e. Regulations.


Q-2. The user clicks a “Save” button, but the application deletes the file. This is an example of which of the following? Select all that apply.

a. A functionality error.

b. A syntactic error.

c. A communication error.

d. A logic defect.

e. A user interface defect.


Q-3. Which of the following describes the number one testing principle? Select all that apply.

a. Early testing is essential to efficiently identify defects.

b. Testing processes can confirm the presence of defects in a software work product, but not the absence of them.

c. Defect clustering assumes that, often, a small number of modules contain the majority of defects found during pre-release testing.

d. Exhaustive testing is not a feasible testing strategy except in trivial circumstances.

e. A single testing strategy will neither expose all types of defects nor properly evaluate a software product’s capabilities.


Q-4. The way in which a software program performs a function is difficult and awkward. This is an example of which of the following? Select all that apply.

a. A standards defect.

b. A consistency defect.

c. A functionality error.

d. A missing command error.

e. A control flow error.


Q-5. Information a user needs to interact with a program is not made available by the program. This is an example of which of the following? Select all that apply.

a. A communications error.

b. A syntactic error.

c. A logic defect.

d. A user interface defect.

e. A consistency defect.


Q-6. In most cases, ________________________.

a. In informal review is more formal than is a walkthrough.

b. An inspection is more formal than is a walkthrough.

c. A walkthrough is less formal than is a peer review.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-7. Typically, software requirements and software designs are the focus of______________________.

a. Walkthroughs.

b. Technical reviews.

c. Inspections.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-8. The most well-documented and formal of any of the review types is the_______________.

a. Technical review.

b. Walkthrough.

c. Inspection.

d. Any of the above.

e. All of the above.

Q-9. Interface specifications, models and requirements specifications are examples of a test basis that can be _______.

a. Statically examined using a test tool.

b. Dynamically examined using a test tool.

c. Statically examined using a manual process.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-10. Which of the following are defects identified by static analysis tools?

Unused Variables

Security Vulnerabilities

Standard Violations

Uncalled Functions

a. True, True, True, True

b. True, False, True, True

c. True, True, False, True

d. True, True, True, False


Q-11. In what manner can a single class be tested? Select all that apply.

a. Unit testing.

b. Component testing.

c. Integration testing.

d. System testing.

e. Acceptance testing.

Q-12. A prerequisite to the test effort is stored in a test plan as what? Select all that apply.

a. Milestone.

b. Entry criteria.

c. Pass/fail criteria.

d. Suspension and resumption criteria.

e. Feature pass criteria.

Q-13. The method used to evaluate the relationship between one component and another is _____________. Select all that apply.

a. Unit testing.

b. Component testing.

c. Integration testing.

d. System testing.

e. Acceptance testing.

Q-14. Test items are recorded in the _______. Select all that apply.

a. Test plan.

b. Test design specification.

c. Test procedure.

Q-15. Which of the following is used to report an attribute of a product that does not meet the specifications of the product? Select all that apply.

a. Test summary report.

b. Test incident report.

c. Test execution report.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-16. What test tool is used to record the status of builds and links it to source code revisions, incidents and test runs to provide traceability for each build, so users can see what was changed in each build, what was tested and what was fixed?

a. Incident management tool.

b. Application life cycle management tool.

c. Configuration management tool.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-17. In what circumstance should a company use a continuous integration tool?

a. To anonymizes data records.

b. To monitor compliance with review guidelines.

c. To run unit and integration tests and static and dynamic tests, measure and profile performance, extract and format documentation from the source code and facilitate manual QA processes.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

Q-1. The degree to which test objectives take form as test conditions and test cases depends in part on what? Select all that apply.

a. Test requirements.

b. Available technology.

c. Project team expectations.

d. Available team members.

e. Regulations.

A-1: a. Test requirements. c. Project team expectations. and e. Regulations. (FL 1.4.1) (LO 1.4.1) (LO 1 Q-171)


Q-2. The user clicks a “Save” button, but the application deletes the file. This is an example of which of the following? Select all that apply.

a. A functionality error.

b. A syntactic error.

c. A communication error.

d. A Logic defect.

e. A user interface defect.

A-2: c. A communication error. (FL 1.2.3) (LO 1.1.5) (LO 1 Q-172)


Q-3. Which of the following describes the number one testing principle? Select all that apply.

a. Early testing is essential to efficiently identify defects.

b. Testing processes can confirm the presence of defects in a software work product, but not the absence of them.

c. Defect clustering assumes that, often, a small number of modules contain the majority of defects found during pre-release testing.

d. Exhaustive testing is not a feasible testing strategy except in trivial circumstances.

e. A single testing strategy will neither expose all types of defects nor properly evaluate a software product’s capabilities.

A-3: b. Testing processes can confirm the presence of defects in a software work product, but not the absence of them. (FL 1.3.1) (LO 1.3.1) (LO 1 Q-173)


Q-4. The way in which a software program performs a function is difficult and awkward. This is an example of which of the following? Select all that apply.

a. A standards defect.

b. A consistency defect.

c. A functionality error.

d. A missing command error.

e. A control flow error.

A-4: c. A functionality error. (FL 1.2.3) (LO 1.1.5) (LO 1 Q-174)


Q-5. Information a user needs to interact with a program is not made available by the program. This is an example of which of the following? Select all that apply.

a. A communications error.

b. A syntactic error.

c. A logic defect.

d. A user interface defect.

e. A consistency defect.

A-5: a. A communications error. (FL 1.2.3) (LO 1.1.5) (LO 1 Q-175)


Q-6. In most cases, ________________________.

a. In informal review is more formal than is a walkthrough.

b. An inspection is more formal than is a walkthrough.

c. A walkthrough is less formal than is a peer review.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-6: b. An inspection is more formal than is a walkthrough. (FL 3.2.3) (LO 3.2.2) (FL 3 Q-172)

Q-7. Typically, software requirements and software designs are the focus of______________________.

a. Walkthroughs.

b. Technical reviews.

c. Inspections.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-7: b. Technical reviews. (FL 3.2.3) (LO 3.2.2) (FL 3 Q-172)

Q-8. The most well-documented and formal of any of the review types is the_______________.

a. Technical review.

b. Walkthrough.

c. Inspection.

d. Any of the above.

e. All of the above.

A-8: c, Inspection. (FL 3.2.3) (LO 3.2.2) (FL 3 Q-173)

Q-9. Interface specifications, models and requirements specifications are examples of a test basis that can be _______.

a. Statically examined using a test tool.

b. Dynamically examined using a test tool.

c. Statically examined using a manual process.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-9: a. Statically examined using a test tool. and c. Statically examined using a manual process. (FL 3.1.1) (LO 3.1.1) (LO 3 Q-174)

Q-10. Which of the following are defects identified by static analysis tools?

Unused Variables

Security Vulnerabilities

Standard Violations

Uncalled Functions

a. True, True, True, True

b. True, False, True, True

c. True, True, False, True

d. True, True, True, False

A-10: a. True, True, True, True. (FL 3.1.2) (LO 3.1.2) (LO 3 Q-170)


Q-11. In what manner can a single class be tested? Select all that apply.

a. Unit testing.

b. Component testing.

c. Integration testing.

d. System testing.

e. Acceptance testing.

A-11: a. Unit testing. (FL 5.2.1) (LO 5.2.1) (LO 5 Q-171)

Q-12. A prerequisite to the test effort is stored in a test plan as what? Select all that apply.

a. Milestone.

b. Entry criteria.

c. Pass/fail criteria.

d. Suspension and resumption criteria.

e. Feature pass criteria.

A-12: b. Entry criteria. (FL 5.2.1) (LO 5.2.2) (LO 5 Q-172)

Q-13. The method used to evaluate the relationship between one component and another is _____________. Select all that apply.

a. Unit testing.

b. Component testing.

c. Integration testing.

d. System testing.

e. Acceptance testing.

A-13: c. Integration testing. (FL 5.2.1) (LO 5.2.1) (LO 5 Q-173)

Q-14. Test items are recorded in the _______. Select all that apply.

a. Test plan.

b. Test design specification.

c. Test procedure.

A-14: a. Test plan. (FL 5.2.1) (LO 5.2.2) (LO 5 Q-174)

Q-15. Which of the following is used to report an attribute of a product that does not meet the specifications of the product? Select all that apply.

a. Test summary report.

b. Test incident report.

c. Test execution report.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-15: b. Test incident report. (FL 5.6.1) (LO 5.6.2) (LO 5 Q-93)


Q-16. What test tool is used to record the status of builds and links it to source code revisions, incidents and test runs to provide traceability for each build, so users can see what was changed in each build, what was tested and what was fixed?

a. Incident management tool.

b. Application life cycle management tool.

c. Configuration management tool.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-16: b. Application life cycle management tool. (FL 6.1.1) (LO 6.1.1) (LO 6 Q-94)

Q-17. In what circumstance should a company use a continuous integration tool?

a. To anonymizes data records.

b. To monitor compliance with review guidelines.

c. To run unit and integration tests and static and dynamic tests, measure and profile performance, extract and format documentation from the source code and facilitate manual QA processes.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-17. c. To run unit and integration tests and static and dynamic tests, measure and profile performance, extract and format documentation from the source code and facilitate manual QA processes. (FL 6.1.1) (L) 6.1.1) (LO 6 Q-95)

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