ASTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level: Quizzes

Quiz No. 34

Syllabus 2018

ASTQB Foundation Level Certified Tester: Quiz No. 34

QUESTIONS

Q-1. Which of the following may impair a tester’s independence? Select all that apply.

a. Groupthink.

b. Author bias.

c. Tester’s organizational reporting hierarchy.

d. Tester training.

e. Tester’s employer.


Q-2. "Provide insight to the software development process" is a valid objective of which of the following processes? Select all that apply.

a. Retesting.

b. Testing.

c. Regression testing.


Q-3. Decisions regarding what to test, the effort to expend and the test types to be conducted must be made. In what phase of the testing effort is this requirement implemented? Select all that apply.

a. Test planning and control.

b. Test analysis and design.

c. Test implementation and execution.


Q-4. You want to prioritize the execution of test cases according to their criticality to the risk management effort. How do you do so? Select all that apply.

a. Test planning and control activities.

b. Test analysis and design activities.

c. Test implementation and execution.


Q-5. You want to evaluate the interface between one component and another to identify defects. How do you do so? Select all that apply.

a. Component testing.

b. Unit testing.

c. Integration testing.

d. System testing.

e. Acceptance testing.


Q-6. What determines the formality of a review?

a. Review type.

b. The maturity of the test process.

c. Legal requirements.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-7. Which of the following is an issue that a static analysis tool can detect?

a. Complex coding structure.

b. Consistencies in software models.

c. Programs that don’t adhere to coding standards.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-8.Which of the following is a typical subject of a technical review?

a. Test script.

b. Software design.

c. User guide.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-9. A review is used for what purpose?

a. Identify faults.

b. Identify failures.

c. Identify defects.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-10. To identify defects that result from dead code, _______________should be used.

a. Dynamic analysis.

b. Static analysis.

c. A and B.

d. Neither A nor B.


Q-11. What is the purpose of executing tests at different test levels? Select all that apply.

a. Support project work that occurs during the different phases of the software development life cycle.

b. Eliminate gaps between a testing effort that occurs at one test level and that which occurs at another.

c. Facilitates the gradual implementation of the test environment.

Q-12. In what circumstance is the risk assessment especially important to a test effort? Select all that apply.

a. Determines the product features to be tested.

b. Determines the feature pass and fail criteria.

c. Determines the test project schedule.

d. Determines the test project schedule.

e. Determines the test project deliverables.

Q-13. Eliminating gaps between one test effort and another and preventing overlaps of tests are examples of what? Select all that apply.

a. Efforts that are documented in the testing project’s test strategy.

b. Efforts that are documented in the testing project’s master test plan.

c. Efforts that are documented in the testing project’s test level test plan.

Q-14. What option is available to report a failure during testing? Select all that apply.

a. Test summary report.

b. Test incident report.

c. Test execution report.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-15. In what instance can more than one test plans be created? Select all that apply.

a. To support two or more test levels.

b. To support multiple execution periods.

c. To support multiple test objectives.

d. To support the isolation of the test effort.

e. To support different test design techniques.


Q-16. Which of the following allows the calculation of the number of tests planned, created, run, passed or failed?

a. Test management tool.

b. Application life cycle management tool.

c. Incident management tool.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-17. Which process is an incident management tool function?

a. Calculates and reports incident metrics.

b. Checks the consistency of requirements.

c. Provides custom plugins for build and source code management, administrative tasks, user interface, and platforms.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

Q-1. Which of the following may impair a tester’s independence? Select all that apply.

a. Groupthink.

b. Author bias.

c. Tester’s organizational reporting hierarchy.

d. Tester training.

e. Tester’s employer.

A-1: a. Groupthink. c. Tester’s organizational reporting hierarchy. and e. Tester’s employer. (FL 5.1.1) (LO 1.5.3) (LO 1 Q-166)


Q-2. Provide insight to the software development process is a valid objective of which of the following processes? Select all that apply.

a. Re-testing.

b. Testing.

c. Regression testing.

A-2: b. Testing. (FL 1.1.2) (LO 1.2.3) (LO 1 Q-167)


Q-3. Decisions regarding what to test, the effort to expend and the test types to be conducted must be made. In what phase of the testing effort is this requirement implemented? Select all that apply.

a. Test planning and control.

b. Test analysis and design.

c. Test implementation and execution.

A-3: b. Test analysis and design. (FL 1.4.1) (LO 1.4.1) (LO 1 Q-168)


Q-4. You want to prioritize the execution of test cases according to their criticality to the risk management effort. How do you do so? Select all that apply.

a. Test planning and control activities.

b. Test analysis and design activities.

c. Test implementation and execution.

A-4: b. Test analysis and design activities. (FL 1.4.1) (LO 1.4.1) (LO 1 Q-169)


Q-5. You want to evaluate the interface between one component and another to identify defects. How do you do so? Select all that apply.

a. Component testing.

b. Unit testing.

c. Integration testing.

d. System testing.

e. Acceptance testing.

A-5: c. Integration testing. (FL 1.1.1) (LO 1.2.1) (LO 1 Q-170)


Q-6. What determines the formality of a review?

a. Review type.

b. The maturity of the test process.

c. Legal requirements.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-6: a. Review type. and c. Legal requirements. (FL 3.2.3) (LO 3.2.2) (LO 3 Q-166)


Q-7. Which of the following is an issue that a static analysis tool can detect?

a. Complex coding structure.

b. Consistencies in software models.

c. Programs that don’t adhere to coding standards.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-7: a. Complex coding structure. and c. Programs that don’t adhere to coding standards. (FL 3.1.2) (LO 3.3.2) (LO 3 Q-168)

Q-8.Which of the following is a typical subject of a technical review?

a. Test script.

b. Software design.

c. User guide.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-8: b. Software design. (FL 3.2.3) (LO 3.2.2) (LO 3 Q-168)

Q-9. A review is used for what purpose?

a. Identify faults.

b. Identify failures.

c. Identify defects.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-9: c. Identify defects. (FL 3.1.1) (LO 3.1.1) (LO 3 Q-169)

Q-10. To identify defects that result from dead code, _______________should be used.

a. Dynamic analysis.

b. Static analysis.

c. A and B.

d. Neither A nor B.

A-10: b. Static analysis. (FL 3.1.2) (LO 3.3.2) (FL 3 Q-165)


Q-11. What is the purpose of executing tests at different test levels? Select all that apply.

a. Support project work that occurs during the different phases of the software development life cycle.

b. Eliminate gaps between a testing effort that occurs at one test level and that which occurs at another.

c. Facilitates the gradual implementation of the test environment.

A-11: a. Support project work that occurs during the different phases of the software development life cycle. (FL 2.2.1) (LO 5.2.1) (LO 5 Q-166)

Q-12. In what circumstance is the risk assessment especially important to a test effort? Select all that apply.

a. Determines the product features to be tested.

b. Determines the feature pass and fail criteria.

c. Determines the test project schedule.

d. Determines the test project schedule.

e. Determines the test project deliverables.

A-12 a. Determines the product features to be tested. (FL 5.5.1) (LO 5.2.2) (LO 5 Q-167)

Q-13. Eliminating gaps between one test effort and another and preventing overlaps of tests are examples of what? Select all that apply.

a. Efforts that are documented in the testing project’s test strategy.

b. Efforts that are documented in the testing project’s master test plan.

c. Efforts that are documented in the testing project’s test level test plan.

A-13: b. Efforts that are documented in the testing project’s master test plan. (FL 5.2.1) (LO 5.2.1) (LO 5 Q-168)

Q-14. What option is available to report a failure during testing? Select all that apply.

a. Test summary report.

b. Test incident report.

c. Test execution report.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-14: b. Test incident report. (FL 5.6.1) (LO 5.6.2) (LO 5 Q-169)

Q-15. In what instance can more than one test plans be created? Select all that apply.

a. To support two or more test levels.

b. To support multiple execution periods.

c. To support multiple test objectives.

d. To support the isolation of the test effort.

e. To support different test design techniques.

A-15: a. To support two or more test levels. b. To support multiple execution periods. and c. To support multiple test objectives. (FL 5.2.1) (LO 5.2.1) (LO 5 Q-88)


Q-16. Which of the following allows the calculation of the number of tests planned, created, run, passed or failed?

a. Test management tool.

b. Application life cycle management tool.

c. Incident management tool.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-16. a. Test management tool. (FL 6.1.1) (LO 6.1.1) (LO 6 Q-89)

Q-17. Which process is an incident management tool function?

a. Calculates and reports incident metrics.

b. Checks the consistency of requirements.

c. Provides custom plugins for build and source code management, administrative tasks, user interface, and platforms.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-17. a. Calculates and reports incident metrics. (FL 6.1.1) (LO 6.1.1) (LO 6 Q-90)

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