ASTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level: Quizzes

Quiz No. 26

Syllabus 2018

ASTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level: Quiz No. 26

QUESTIONS

Q-1. For what purpose are the test design activities conducted? Select all that apply.

a. Review test basis to determine what to test.

b. Prioritize high-level and logical test cases.

c. Identify needed infrastructure.

d. Create test cases.

e. Create test procedures.


Q-2. Which of the following describes the primary objective of the conduct of a root cause analysis? Select all that apply.

a. Eliminate the cause of a defect.

b. Identify the cause of a defect.

c. Prevent the recurrence of a negative event.

d. Identify the cause of a failure.

e. Prevent the recurrence of a failure.


Q-3. Which of the following is a valid test analysis activity? Select all that apply.

a. Evaluate testability of test objects.

b. Report issues identified with test basis that may negatively affect project risk.

c. Prioritize logical test cases.

d. Specify test environment requirements.

e. Specify needed infrastructure and tools.

Q-4. Which of the following testing principles are associated with the Zeno paradox? Select all that apply.

a. Early testing is essential to efficiently identify defects.

b. Testing processes can confirm the presence of defects in a software work product, but not the absence of them.

c. A small number of modules often contain the majority of defects found during pre-release testing.

d. Exhaustive testing is not a feasible testing strategy except in trivial circumstances.

e. A single testing strategy will neither expose all types of defects nor properly evaluate a software product’s capabilities.


Q-5. What is used to document a risk mitigation plan? Select all that apply.

a. Risk management plan

b. Test plan

c. Test design specification

d. None of the above


Q-6. Who participates in an inspection?

A. Author of the work product.

B. Representatives of a number of departments.

C. Author’s peers.

D. All of the above.

E. None of the above.

Q-7. Who participates in a technical review?

a. Author of the work product.

b. Representatives of a number of departments.

c. Author’s peers.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-8. Who participates in an informal review?

a. Author of the work product.

b. Representatives of a number of departments.

c. Author’s peers.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-9. Who participates in a walkthrough?

a. Author of the work product.

b. Representatives of a number of departments.

c. Author’s peers.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-10. Which of the following is a valid objective for an inspection?

a. Examine a work product with respect to organizational rules.

b. Detect software product anomalies.

c. Measure the quality of the document to guide efforts to improve the work product.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-11. Which of the following is a responsibility of a test leader? Select all that apply.

a. Partners with a development manager to define test objectives.

b. Partners with a development manager to write the test policy.

c. Partners with development manager to acquire testing resources.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-12. A test team is required to use a process-compliant test approach. What is needed to do so? Select all that apply.

a. The collective experience, intuition and knowledge of members of the test team.

b. A standard set of test conditions and standard-compliant strategies.

c. A set of test conditions based on stakeholder expertise.

d. An externally-developed process that complies with industry or agile standards.

e. A set of test conditions based on a checklist, error guessing or practical experience.

Q-13. What is the methodology of the methodical test approach? Select all that apply.

a. Tests are planned, designed and prioritized according to a risk assessment that identifies and prioritizes risk.

b. A test team analyzes project documentation to identify test conditions that, in turn, are converted to test cases using white-box, black-box or experience-based test design techniques.

c. The design of test cases is based on the mathematical, stochastic, graphic of tabular model of an object’s functionality.

d. The design of test cases is based on an industry standard and, as a consequence, test conditions don’t vary from one project to the next.

e. The test cases are designed, implemented and executed according to a checklist.

Q-14. A review of the test plan, the creation of test specifications and the acquisition of test data must occur. How are the requirements implemented? Select all that apply.

a. The tester performs the tasks.

b. The test leader performs the tasks.

c. Both the test leader and tester perform the tasks.

d. Neither the test leader nor the tester perform the tasks.

Q-15. Which of the following criteria influences test preparation and execution? Select all that apply.

a. Testing objectives, testing scope and project and product risks.

b. Scheduled test analysis and design activities.

c. Assignment of resources to testing activities.

d. Metrics used for defect resolution and risk management processes.

e. The level of detail needed to document test planning activities, so they can be repeated when need be.


Q-16. The skills of the test team and the effort required to create test scripts are examples of what?

a. Special considerations for test management tools.

b. Special considerations for test execution tools.

c. Special considerations for static testing tools.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-17. Which of the following is a goal of a proof-of-concept for a tool evaluation?

a. Determine the cost of the use of the test tool.

b. Define standards for the storage location of the tool’s elements.

c. Identify the tool’s probable use by the organization.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

Q-1. For what purpose are the test design activities conducted? Select all that apply.

a. Review test basis to determine what to test.

b. Prioritize high-level and logical test cases.

c. Identify needed infrastructure.

d. Create test cases.

e. Create test procedures.

A-1: b. Prioritize high-level and logical test cases. and c. Identify needed infrastructure. (FL 1.4.1) (LO 1.4.1) (LO 1 Q-126)


Q-2. Which of the following describes the primary objective of the conduct of a root cause analysis? Select all that apply.

a. Eliminate the cause of a defect.

b. Identify the cause of a defect.

c. Prevent the recurrence of a negative event.

d. Identify the cause of a failure.

e. Prevent the recurrence of a failure.

A-2: b. Identify the cause of a defect. (FL 1.2.4) (LO 1.1.2) (LO 1 Q-127)


Q-3. Which of the following is a valid test analysis activity? Select all that apply.

a. Evaluate testability of test objects.

b. Report issues identified with test basis that may negatively affect project risk.

c. Prioritize logical test cases.

d. Specify test environment requirements.

e. Specify needed infrastructure and tools.

A-3: a. Evaluate testability of test objects. and b. Report issues identified with test basis that may negatively affect project risk. (FL 1.4.1) (LO 1.4.1) (LO 1 Q-128)


Q-4. Which of the following testing principles are associated with the Zeno paradox? Select all that apply.

a. Early testing is essential to efficiently identify defects.

b. Testing processes can confirm the presence of defects in a software work product, but not the absence of them.

c. A small number of modules often contain the majority of defects found during pre-release testing.

d. Exhaustive testing is not a feasible testing strategy except in trivial circumstances.

e. A single testing strategy will neither expose all types of defects nor properly evaluate a software product’s capabilities.

A-4: b. Testing processes can confirm the presence of defects in a software work product, but not the absence of them. (FL 1.3.1) (LO 1.3.1) (LO 1 Q-129)


Q-5. What is used to document a risk mitigation plan? Select all that apply.

a. Risk management plan

b. Test plan

c. Test design specification

d. None of the above

A-5: b. Test plan (FL 1.4.1) (LO 1.4.1) (LO 1 Q-130)


Q-6. Who participates in an inspection?

A. Author of the work product.

B. Representatives of a number of departments.

C. Author’s peers.

D. All of the above.

E. None of the above.

A-6: a. Author of the work product. and c. Author’s peers. (FL 3.2.3) (LO 3.2.2) (LO 3 Q-126)

Q-7. Who participates in a technical review?

a. Author of the work product.

b. Representatives of a number of departments.

c. Author’s peers.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-7: a. Author of the work product. and c. Author’s peers. (FL 3.2.1) (LO 3.2.1) (LO 3 Q-127)

Q-8. Who participates in an informal review?

a. Author of the work product.

b. Representatives of a number of departments.

c. Author’s peers.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-8: d. All of the above. (FL 3.2.3) (LO 3.2.2) (FL 3 Q-128)

Q-9. Who participates in a walkthrough?

a. Author of the work product.

b. Representatives of a number of departments.

c. Author’s peers.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-9: a. Author of the work product. and c. Author's peers. (FL 3.2.3) (LO 3.2.2) (LO 3 Q-129)

Q-10. Which of the following is a valid objective for an inspection?

a. Examine a work product with respect to organizational rules.

b. Detect software product anomalies.

c. Measure the quality of the document to guide efforts to improve the work product.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-10: d. All of the above. (FL 3.2.3) (LO 3.2.2) (FL 3 Q-125)


Q-11. Which of the following is a responsibility of a test leader? Select all that apply.

a. Partners with a development manager to define test objectives.

b. Partners with a development manager to write the test policy.

c. Partners with development manager to acquire testing resources.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-11: a. Partners with a development manager to define test objectives. (FL 5.1.2) (LO 5.1.4) (LO 5 Q-126)

Q-12. A test team is required to use a process-compliant test approach. What is needed to do so? Select all that apply.

a. The collective experience, intuition and knowledge of members of the test team.

b. A standard set of test conditions and standard-compliant strategies.

c. A set of test conditions based on stakeholder expertise.

d. An externally-developed process that complies with industry or agile standards.

e. A set of test conditions based on a checklist, error guessing or practical experience.

A-12: b. A standard set of test conditions and standard-compliant strategies. (FL 5.2.2) (LO 5.2.3) (FL 5 Q-127)

Q-13. What is the methodology of the methodical test approach? Select all that apply.

a. Tests are planned, designed and prioritized according to a risk assessment that identifies and prioritizes risk.

b. A test team analyzes project documentation to identify test conditions that, in turn, are converted to test cases using white-box, black-box or experience-based test design techniques.

c. The design of test cases is based on the mathematical, stochastic, graphic of tabular model of an object’s functionality.

d. The design of test cases is based on an industry standard and, as a consequence, test conditions don’t vary from one project to the next.

e. The test cases are designed, implemented and executed according to a checklist.

A-13: d. The design of test cases is based on an industry standard and, as a consequence, test conditions don’t vary from one project to the next. (FL 5.2.2) (LO 5.2.3) (FL 5 Q-128)

Q-14. A review of the test plan, the creation of test specifications and the acquisition of test data must occur. How are the requirements implemented? Select all that apply.

a. The tester performs the tasks.

b. The test leader performs the tasks.

c. Both the test leader and tester perform the tasks.

d. Neither the test leader nor the tester perform the tasks.

A-14: a. The tester performs the tasks. (FL 5.1.2) (LO 5.1.4) (LO 5 Q-130)

Q-15. Which of the following criteria influences test preparation and execution? Select all that apply.

a. Testing objectives, testing scope and project and product risks.

b. Scheduled test analysis and design activities.

c. Assignment of resources to testing activities.

d. Metrics used for defect resolution and risk management processes.

e. The level of detail needed to document test planning activities, so they can be repeated when need be.

A-15: a. Testing objectives, testing scope and project and product risks. b. Scheduled test analysis and design activities. and c. Assignment of resources to testing activities. (FL 5.2.6) (LO 5.2.6) (FL 5 Q-48)


Q-16. The skills of the test team and the effort required to create test scripts are examples of what?

a. Special considerations for test management tools.

b. Special considerations for test execution tools.

c. Special considerations for static testing tools.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-16: b. Special considerations for test execution tools. (FL 6.1.3) (LO 6.2.2) (LO 6 Q-49)

Q-17. Which of the following is a goal of a proof-of-concept for a tool evaluation?

a. Determine the cost of the use of the test tool.

b. Define standards for the storage location of the tool’s elements.

c. Identify the tool’s probable use by the organization.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-17: b. Define standards for the storage location of the tool’s elements. and c. Identify the tool’s probable use by the organization. (FL 6.2.2) (LO 6.3.2) (LO 6 Q-50)

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