ASTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level: Quizzes

Quiz No. 2

Syllabus 2018

ASTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level: Quiz No. 2

QUESTIONS

Q-1. Which of the following is the purpose of alpha testing? Select all that apply.

a. Identification of existing issues with a product that must be corrected before its release.

b. Evaluation of a component in its operating environment to confirm its reliability and availability.

c. Evaluation of a component to ensure its modification had no unintended or unanticipated effects.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-2. Which of the following is a reason that software testing is necessary? Select all that apply.

a. The risk that the failure of a security-critical system will result in the failure of an organization to meet its goals.

b. The risk that the failure of a safety-critical system will result in a catastrophic impact on the environment.

c. The risk that the failure of a business-critical system will result in an organization’s failure to enhance employee productivity.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-3. Identify test data, finalize test cases and verify the testability of test cases are examples of which of the following? Select all that apply.

a. Test planning activities.

b. Test analysis activities.

c. Test design activities.

d. Test Implementation activities.

e. Test Execution activities.


Q-4. Which of the following is a common objective of testing? Select all that apply.

a. Identify anomalies.

b. Identify differences between the current state of a software product and its required state.

c. Identify product features.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-5. Which of the following may be the result of a defect? Select all that apply.

a. The wrong test cases are used.

b. The information a user requires to interact with a program is not made available by the program.

c. The function that the software program performs is difficult and awkward.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-6. Which of the following requires the execution of software?

a. Dynamic quality control techniques.

b. Manual static quality control techniques.

c. Automated static quality control techniques.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-7. Static analysis tools are most frequently used by which of the following?

A. Testers

B. Developers

C. Testers & Developers

D. None of the above.


Q-8. True or False: The focus of control flow analysis is items that make up the structure of the code, such as decision points.

a. True.

a. False.

Q-9. Static analysis tools can identify________________.

a. Dead code.

b. Dependencies in software models.

c. Excessively complex coding structures.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-10. Which of the following is an objective of the static techniques?

a. Use an automated method to examine source code.

b. Use an automated technique to execute source code.

c. Use a manual method to examine models.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above

Q-11. What are the tasks of a tester? Select all that apply.

a. Assesses user requirements for testability.

b. Creates a test summary report.

c. Creates test specifications.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-12. Which of the following is a valid element of a risk? Select all that apply.

a. A zero to 100 percent probability that a root cause will lead to a negative outcome.

b. The negative or positive impact that occurs if a root cause is not addressed.

c. A root cause that, if addressed, would prevent a possible consequence from occurring.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-13. Which of the following relates to a project risk?

a. A project risk is the probability that an event will occur that prevents the achievement of project on-time and/or on-budget goals.

b. A project risk relates to management mechanisms and the work environment.

c. A project risk relates to the possibility that a software product will fail to meet stakeholder expectations.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-14. Test items and test case identifications are elements of what? Select all that apply.

a. Test plan.

b. Test design specification.

c. Test procedure.


Q-15. Project risk relates to which of the following? Select all that apply.

a. The test process.

b. The test system.

c. Management mechanisms.

d. The stakeholders.

e. The organization.


Q-16. Under what circumstance is a continuous integration tool used?

a. To ensure that the software checked in on the mainline is always in a state that can be deployed to users and to complete the actual deployment process.

b. To analyze structures and dependencies.

c. To enforce coding standards.

d. None of the above.

e. All of the above.


Q-17. When using a test execution tool, test inputs can be created how?

a. Test tool captures the test inputs and stores it in a spreadsheet.

b. An algorithm generates data for a test script.

c. Test tool interfaces with test management tool to access input data.

d. None of the above.

e. All of the above.


Q-18. The selection of a test tool is dependent on ____________.

a. A pilot project that determines the tool’s effectiveness.

b. A cost versus benefit analysis for the tool’s acquisition.

c. The feasibility of installing the tool based on its cost.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-19. Evaluate the integration of a tool with existing processes is:

a. A goal of test automation.

b. A goal of a proof of concept.

c. A goal of a pilot project.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-20. What is the function of the pilot project as a proof of concept?

a. Identify metrics that will be used to report on a tool’s use.

b. Provide management support for the deployment of a test tool.

c. Provide training and coaching.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

Q-1. Which of the following is the purpose of alpha testing? Select all that apply.

a. Identification of existing issues with a product that must be corrected before its release.

b. Evaluation of a component in its operating environment to confirm its reliability and availability.

c. Evaluation of a component to ensure its modification had no unintended or unanticipated effects.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-1: a. Identification of existing issues with a product that must be corrected before its release. (FL 1.1.1) (LO 1.2.1) (LO 1 Q-6)


Q-2. Which of the following is a reason that software testing is necessary? Select all that apply.

a. The risk that the failure of a security-critical system will result in the failure of an organization to meet its goals.

b. The risk that the failure of a safety-critical system will result in a catastrophic impact on the environment.

c. The risk that the failure of a business-critical system will result in an organization’s failure to enhance employee productivity.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-2: b. The risk that the failure of a safety-critical system will result in a catastrophic impact on the environment. and c. The risk that the failure of a business-critical system will result in an organization’s failure to enhance employee productivity. (FL 1.1.1) (LO 1.1.1) (LO 1 Q-7)


Q-3. Identify test data, finalize test cases and verify the testability of test cases are examples of which of the following? Select all that apply.

a. Test planning activities.

b. Test analysis activities.

c. Test design activities.

d. Test Implementation activities.

e. Test Execution activities.

A-3: d. Test Implementation activities.(FL 1.4.2) ( LO 1.4.1) (LO 1 Q-8)


Q-4. Which of the following is a common objective of testing? Select all that apply.

a. Identify anomalies.

b. Identify differences between the current state of a software product and its required state.

c. Identify product features.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-4: a. Identify anomalies. and b. Identify differences between the current state of a software product and its required state. (FL 1.1.1) (LO 1.2.1) (LO 1 Q-9)


Q-5. Which of the following may be the result of a defect? Select all that apply.

a. The wrong test cases are used.

b. The information a user requires to interact with a program is not made available by the program.

c. The function that the software program performs is difficult and awkward.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-5: b. The information a user requires to interact with a program is not made available by the program. and c. The function that the software program performs is difficult and awkward. (FL 1.2.4) (LO 1.1.5) (LO 1 Q-10)


Q-6. Which of the following requires the execution of software?

a. Dynamic quality control techniques.

b. Manual static quality control techniques.

c. Automated static quality control techniques.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-6: a. Dynamic quality control techniques. (FL 3.1.1) (LO 3.1.1) (LO 3 Q-6)


Q-7. Static analysis tools are most frequently used by which of the following?

a. Testers

b. Developers

c. Testers & Developers

d. None of the above.

A-7: b. Developers. (FL 3.1.3) (LO 3) (LO 3 Q-7)

Q-8. True or False: The focus of control flow analysis is items that make up the structure of the code, such as decision points.

a. True.

b. False.

A-8: a. True. (FL 3.1.3) (LO 3.3.3) (LO 3 Q-8)

Q-9. Static analysis tools can identify________________.

a. Dead code.

b. Dependencies in software models.

c. Excessively complex coding structures.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-9: b. Dependencies in software models. and c. Excessively complex coding structures. (FL 3.1.3) (LO 3.1.1) (LO 3 Q-9)

Q-10. Which of the following is an objective of the static techniques?

a. Use an automated method to examine source code.

b. Use an automated technique to execute source code.

c. Use a manual method to examine models.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above

A-10: a. Use an automated method to examine source code. and c. Use a manual method to examine models. (FL 3.1.3) (LO 3.11) (LO 3 Q-10)


Q-11. What are the tasks of a tester? Select all that apply.

a. Assesses user requirements for testability.

b. Creates a test summary report.

c. Creates test specifications.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-11: a. Assesses user requirements for testability. and c. Creates test specifications. (FL 5.1.2) (LO 5.1.4) (LO 5 Q-6)


Q-12. Which of the following is a valid element of a risk? Select all that apply.

a. A zero to 100 percent probability that a root cause will lead to a negative outcome.

b. The negative or positive impact that occurs if a root cause is not addressed.

c. A root cause that, if addressed, would prevent a possible consequence from occurring.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-12: d. All of the above. (FL 5.5.1) (LO 5.5.2) (LO 5 Q-8)

Q-13. Which of the following relates to a project risk?

a. A project risk is the probability that an event will occur that prevents the achievement of project on-time and/or on-budget goals.

b. A project risk relates to management mechanisms and the work environment.

c. A project risk relates to the possibility that a software product will fail to meet stakeholder expectations.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-13: a. A project risk is the probability that an event will occur that prevents the achievement of project on-time and/or on-budget goals. and b. A project risk relates to management mechanisms and the work environment. (FL 5.5.2) ( LO 5.5.3) (LO 5 Q-8)


Q-14. Test items and test case identifications are elements of what? Select all that apply.

a. Test plan.

b. Test design specification.

c. Test procedure.

A-14: b. Test design specification. (FL 1.4.3) (LO 5.2.2) (LO 5 Q-9)


Q-15. Project risk relates to which of the following? Select all that apply.

a. The test process.

b. The test system.

c. Management mechanisms.

d. The stakeholders.

e. The organization.

A-15: a. The test process. , b. The test system. and c. Management mechanisms. (FL 5.5.2) (LO 5.5.3) (LO 5 Q-10)


Q-16. Under what circumstance is a continuous integration tool used?

a. To ensure that the software checked in on the mainline is always in a state that can be deployed to users and completes the actual deployment process.

b. To analyze structures and dependencies.

c. To enforce coding standards.

d. None of the above.

e. All of the above.

A-16: a. To ensure that the software checked in on the mainline is always in a state that can be deployed to users and completes the actual deployment process. (FL 6.1.1) (FL 6 Q-6)

Q-17. When using a test execution tool, test inputs can be created how?

a. Test tool captures the test inputs and stores it in a spreadsheet.

b. An algorithm generates data for a test script.

c. Test tool interfaces with test management tool to access input data.

d. None of the above.

e. All of the above.

A-17: a. Test tool captures the test inputs and stores it in a spreadsheet. and b. An algorithm generates data for a test script.

(FL 6.1.1 ) (F L 6 Q-7)

Q-18. The selection of a test tool is dependent on ____________.

a. A pilot project that determines the tool’s effectiveness.

b. A cost versus benefit analysis for the tool’s acquisition.

c. The feasibility of installing the tool based on its cost.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-18: a. A pilot project that determines the tool’s effectiveness. and b. A cost versus benefit analysis for the tool’s acquisition.

(FL 6.2.1) (FL 6 Q-8)

Q-19. Evaluate the integration of a tool with existing processes is:

a. A goal of test automation.

b. A goal of a proof of concept.

c. A goal of a pilot process.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-19: b. A goal of a proof of concept (T) and c. A goal of a pilot process. (FL 6.2.2) (FL 6 Q-9)

Q-20. What is the function of the pilot project as a proof of concept?

A. Identify metrics that will be used to report on a tool’s use.

B. Provide management support for the deployment of a test tool.

C. Provide training and coaching.

D. All of the above.

E. None of the above.

A-20: a. Identify metrics that will be used to report on a tool’s use. ( FL 6.2.2) (FL 6 Q-10)

Subscribe

ASTQB Quiz Central is not associated with either ASTQB.org or ISTQB,org.