ASTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level: Quizzes

Quiz No. 11

Syllabus 2018

ASTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level : Quiz No. 11

QUESTIONS

Q-1. Which of the following is a psychological factor that affects the success of a testing effort? Select all that apply.

a. The intellectual honesty of team members.

b. The communication between developers and testers is based on a common mindset.

c. Recognize assumptions that software is error-free impedes product testing.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-2. Which of the following describes the term “fault?” Select all that apply.

a. A condition that deviates from an expected one, which is described in a requirements specification or another test basis.

b. The result of a human mistake that’s committed at some point in the software life cycle.

c. An imperfection in a work product that causes it to fail to meet its requirements.

d. An event in which a system is unsuccessful in performing a required function within a specified limit.

e. An imperfection or deficiency in a work product that causes it to behave in unexpected and unplanned-for ways.


Q-3. Which of the following is a possible effect of a defect? Select all that apply.

a. Creation of a geological hazard.

b. Loss of financial resources.

c. A decline in good will.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-4. Which of the following is a true statement regarding a tester’s mindset? Select all that apply.

a. A tester assumes the responsibility to fix defects in software under test.

b. A tester has a vested interest in a “Pass” test outcome.

c. A tester is trained to execute tests at any test level, which contributes to the test effort’s success.

d. A tester views a test object without a personal bias that can negatively affect the success of a test effort.

Q-5. Which of the following is a testing objective by test target? Select all that apply.

a. Alpha testing.

b. Integration testing.

c. Acceptance testing.

d. Installation testing.

e. Stress testing.


Q-6. Unused variables and defined variables that later become undefined are defects found by____________.

a. Data flow analysis.

b. Control flow analysis.

c. Compliance with coding standards analysis.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-7. Verification and validation methods include which of the following?

a. Walkthrough.

b. Inspection.

c. Review.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-8. Which of the following is a primary feature of static techniques?

a. The techniques can be performed prior to the time at which an executable program is available.

b. The techniques require the execution of software code.

c. The techniques evaluate work products that can’t be evaluated with dynamic analysis.

d. The techniques detect dependencies in software models.

e. The techniques detect the same types of defects as do dynamic techniques.


Q-9. Which of the following is a true statement regarding a review?

a. A review is unlikely to identify defects in a test plan.

b. A review can’t be performed on requirements specifications.

c. A review can be performed on requirements specifications, source code and test plans.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-10. Which of the following is a description of a technical review?

a. Conducted by a work product’s author and a few other individuals.

b. Evaluates a software work product to confirm its suitability for its intended purpose.

c. Identifies discrepancies between a work product and a standard.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-11: A product risk relates to__________________. Select all that apply.

a. Test item.

b. Test object.

c. A potential negative outcome.

Q-12. How does risk analysis support test planning? Select all that apply.

a. Supports a test manager’s efforts to manage cost constraints.

b. Supports a test manager’s efforts to manage performance constraints.

c. Increases software quality and, thereby, supports an organization’s mission.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-13. Software testing verifies _________________? Select all that apply.

a. Software behaves in unexpected ways in response to a finite set of test cases.

b. Software behaves in expected ways in response to a finite set of test cases.

c. Software does not behave in unexpected ways in response to a finite set of test cases.

d. Software does not behave in expected ways in response to a finite set of test cases.

Q-14. The severity of metrics and the average effort to correct a defect are examples of which of the following? Select all that apply.

a. Test monitoring metric.

b. Test reporting metric.

c. Testing control metric.

Q-15. A software test process consists of which of the following? Select all that apply.

a. Activities that convert input work products to output work products.

b. A triggering event or process output.

c. Transforming activities.

d. Generated outputs.

e. Entry and exit criteria.


Q-16. “The tool can generate a large volume of warning messages” is an example of what?

a. A special consideration for a test management tool.

b. A special consideration for a static analysis tool.

c. A special consideration for a test execution tool.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

Q-17. The enforcement of coding standards is performed by what?

a. Static analysis tools.

b. Test management tools.

c. Test execution tools.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.


Q-18. The primary factors required for good tool support are what?

a. Tool use monitoring.

b. A revision of a tool’s requirements to accommodate testing processes.

c. Guidelines, policies and procedures to govern tool acquisition.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

Q-1. Which of the following is a psychological factor that affects the success of a testing effort? Select all that apply.

a. The intellectual honesty of team members.

b. The communication between developers and testers is based on a common mindset.

c. Recognize assumptions that software is error-free impedes product testing.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-1: a. The intellectual honesty of team members. and c. Recognize assumptions that software is error-free impedes product testing. (FL 1.5.1) (LO 1.5.1) (LO 1 Q-51)

Q-2. Which of the following describes the term “fault?” Select all that apply.

a. A condition that deviates from an expected one, which is described in a requirements specification or another test basis.

b. The result of a human mistake that’s committed at some point in the software life cycle.

c. An imperfection in a work product that causes it to fail to meet its requirements.

d. An event in which a system is unsuccessful in performing a required function within a specified limit.

e. An imperfection or deficiency in a work product that causes it to behave in unexpected and unplanned-for ways.

A-2. e. An imperfection or deficiency in a work product that causes it to behave in unexpected and unplanned for ways. (FL 1.2.3) (LO 1.1.5) (LO 1 Q-52)

Q-3. Which of the following is a possible effect of a defect? Select all that apply.

a. Creation of a geological hazard.

b. Loss of financial resources.

c. A decline in good will.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-3: d. All of the above. (FL 1.2.4) (LO 1.1.2) (LO 1 Q-53)


Q-4. Which of the following is a true statement regarding a tester’s mindset? Select all that apply.

a. A tester assumes the responsibility to fix defects in software under test.

b. A tester has a vested interest in a “Pass” test outcome.

c. A tester is trained to execute tests at any test level, which contributes to the test effort’s success.

d. A tester views a test object without a personal bias that can negatively affect the success of a test effort.

A-4: d. A tester views a test object without a personal bias that can negatively affect the success of a test effort. (FL 1.5.2) (LO 1.5.2) (LO 1 Q-54)


Q-5. Which of the following is a testing objective by test target? Select all that apply.

a. Alpha testing.

b. Integration testing.

c. Acceptance testing.

d. Installation testing.

e. Stress testing.

A-5: b. Integration testing. (FL 1.1.1) (LO 1.2.1) (LO 1 Q-55)


Q-6. Unused variables and defined variables that later become undefined are defects found by____________.

a. Data flow analysis.

b. Control flow analysis.

c. Compliance with coding standards analysis.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-6: a. Data flow analysis. (FL 3.1.3) (LO 3.3.3) (LO 3 Q-510)

Q-7. Verification and validation methods include which of the following?

a. Walkthrough.

b. Inspection.

c. Review.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-7: d. All of the above. (FL 3.2.3) (LO 3.2.2) (LO 3 Q-52)


Q-8. Which of the following is a primary feature of static techniques?

a. The techniques can be performed prior to the time at which an executable program is available.

b. The techniques require the execution of software code.

c. The techniques evaluate work products that can’t be evaluated with dynamic analysis.

d. The techniques detect dependencies in software models.

e. The techniques detect the same types of defects as do dynamic techniques.

A-8: a. The techniques can be performed prior to the time at which an executable program is available. and d. The techniques detect dependencies in software models. (FL 3.1.2) (LO 3.1.2) (LO 3 Q-53)


Q-9. Which of the following is a true statement regarding a review?

a. A review is unlikely to identify defects in a test plan.

b. A review can’t be performed on requirements specifications.

c. A review can be performed on requirements specifications, source code and test plans.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-9: c. A review can be performed on requirements specifications, source code and test plans. (FL 3.2.2) (LO 3.2.2) (LO 3 Q-54)

Q-10. Which of the following is a description of a technical review?

a. Conducted by a work product’s author and a few other individuals.

b. Evaluates a software work product to confirm its suitability for its intended purpose.

c. Identifies discrepancies between a work product and a standard.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-10: b. Evaluates a software work product to confirm its suitability for its intended purpose. and c. Identifies discrepancies between a work product and a standard. (FL 3.1.1) (LO 3.1.1) (LO 3 Q-55)


Q-11: A product risk relates to__________________. Select all that apply.

a. Test item.

b. Test object.

c. A potential negative outcome.

A-11: c. A potential negative outcome. (FL 5.5.2) (LO 5.5.3) (LO 5 Q-51)

Q-12. How does risk analysis support test planning? Select all that apply.

a. Supports a test manager’s efforts to manage cost constraints.

b. Supports a test manager’s efforts to manage performance constraints.

c. Increases software quality and, thereby, supports an organization’s mission.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-12: d. All of the above. (FL 5.5.3) (LO 5.5.5) (LO 5 Q-52)

Q-13. Software testing verifies _________________? Select all that apply.

a. Software behaves in unexpected ways in response to a finite set of test cases.

b. Software behaves in expected ways in response to a finite set of test cases.

c. Software does not behave in unexpected ways in response to a finite set of test cases.

d. Software does not behave in expected ways in response to a finite set of test cases.

A-13: b. Software behaves in expected ways in response to a finite set of test cases. and c. Software does not behave in unexpected ways in response to a finite set of test cases. (FL 5.2.5) (LO 5.2.7) (LO 5 Q-53)

Q-14. The severity of metrics and the average effort to correct a defect are examples of which of the following? Select all that apply.

a. Test monitoring metric.

b. Test reporting metric.

c. Testing control metric.

A-14: b. Test reporting metric. (FL 5.3.1) (LO 5.3.2) (LO 5 Q-54)

Q-15. A software test process consists of which of the following? Select all that apply.

a. Activities that convert input work products to output work products.

b. A triggering event or process output.

c. Transforming activities.

d. Generated outputs.

e. Entry and exit criteria.

A-15: b. A triggering event or process output. c. Transforming activities. and d. Generated outputs. (FL 5.2.3) (LO 5.2.9) (LO 5 Q-50)


Q-16. “The tool can generate a large volume of warning messages” is an example of what?

a. A special consideration for a test management tool.

b. A special consideration for a static analysis tool.

c. A special consideration for a test execution tool.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-16: b. A special consideration for a static analysis tool. (FL 6.1.3) (LO 6.2.2) (LO 6 Q-51)

Q-17. The enforcement of coding standards is performed by what?

a. Static analysis tools.

b. Test management tools.

c. Test execution tools.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-17: a. Static analysis tools. (FL 6.1.3) (LO 6.2.2) (LO 6 Q- 42)

Q-18. The primary factors required for good tool support are what?

a. Tool use monitoring.

b. A revision of a tool’s requirements to accommodate testing processes.

c. Guidelines, policies and procedures to govern tool acquisition.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

A-18: a. Tool use monitoring. and c. Guidelines, policies and procedures to govern tool acquisition. (FL 6.2.3) (LO 6.3.3) (LO 6 Q-53)

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